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山东省四院隆胸多少钱青岛市市北区中医医院专家电话Today I have been both murderous and merciful. 今天,我既凶残又仁慈。I have deliberately mown down pensioners and a pack of dogs. 我故意杀死了领取养老金者和几条。I have ploughed into the homeless, slain a couple of athletes and run over the obese. 我撞了无家可归者,杀死了两名运动员,轧过了肥胖者。But I have always tried to save the children.但是,我始终努力救孩子。As I finish my session on the Moral Machine — a public experiment being run by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology — I learn that my moral outlook is not universally shared. 我在道德机器(Moral Machine)——麻省理工学院(MIT)运行的一项公开实验——上完成测试后发现,我的道德观跟很多人不一样。Some argue that aggregating public opinions on ethical dilemmas is an effective way to endow intelligent machines, such as driverless cars, with limited moral reasoning capacity. 有些人辩称,在道德困境上把公众意见汇集到一起,是向无人驾驶汽车等智能机器赋予有限道德推理能力的有效手段。Yet after my experience, I am not convinced that crowdsourcing is the best way to develop what is essentially the ethics of killing people. 然而,在测试之后,我不相信众包是形成杀戮道德(本质上就是这么回事)的最佳途径。The question is not purely academic: Tesla is being sued in China over the death of a driver of a car equipped with its semi-autonomous autopilot. 这个问题并不单纯是学术层面的:一辆配备半自动式Autopilot的特斯拉(Tesla)汽车的驾车者死亡,导致该公司在中国被起诉。Tesla denies the technology was at fault.特斯拉否认那起事故的过错在于该项技术。Anyone with a computer and a coffee break can contribute to MIT’s mass experiment, which imagines the brakes failing on a fully autonomous vehicle. 任何人只要有台电脑,利用咖啡时间就可以参加麻省理工学院的大众实验。The vehicle is packed with passengers, and heading towards pedestrians. 该实验想象一辆全自动驾驶汽车的刹车失灵。这辆车载满了乘客,正朝行人开过去。The experiment depicts 13 variations of the trolley problem — a classic dilemma in ethics that involves deciding who will die under the wheels of a runaway tram.实验给出了这一无轨电车难题的13个版本。这是一个经典的道德难题,需要决定谁将死于一辆失控电车的车轮之下。In MIT’s reformulation, the runaway is a self-driving car that can keep to its path or swerve; both mean death and destruction. 在麻省理工学院的重新设计中,失控的是一辆自动驾驶汽车,它既可以按原来路线行驶,也可以急转弯;两种情形都会造成死亡和破坏。The choice can be between passengers and pedestrians, or two sets of pedestrians. 被选对象可以是乘客或行人,或者两组行人。Calculating who should perish involves pitting more lives against less, young against old, professionals against the homeless, pregnant women against athletes, humans against pets.计算谁应送命,需要在较多生命和较少生命之间、年轻人和老年人之间、专业人士和无家可归者之间、怀女性和运动员之间,以及人类和宠物之间做出抉择。At heart, the trolley problem is about deciding who lives, who dies — the kind of judgment that truly autonomous vehicles may eventually make. 电车难题的核心是决定谁生、谁死——这正是真正自动驾驶的汽车最终或许要做出的那种判断。My preferences are revealed afterwards: I mostly save children and sacrifice pets. 我的偏好在实验后被披露出来:基本上,我会救孩子,牺牲宠物。Pedestrians who are not jaywalking are spared and passengers expended. 没有乱穿马路的行人得以幸免,而乘客被牺牲了。It is obvious: by choosing to climb into a driverless car, they should shoulder the burden of risk. 很明显:选择上一辆无人驾驶汽车的人,应当分担一部分风险。As for my aversion to swerving, should caution not dictate that driverless cars are generally programmed to follow the road?至于我不愿急转弯,难道谨慎没有意味着无人驾驶汽车的程序指令通常是沿道路行驶吗?It is illuminating — until you see how your preferences stack up against everyone else. 这很有启发意义——直到你看到自己的偏好跟其他所有人有多么不同。In the business of life-saving, I fall short — especially when it comes to protecting car occupants. 我在救命这件事上做得不够好——尤其是在保护汽车乘员方面。Upholding the law and not swerving seem more important to me than to others; the social status of my intended victims much less so.相比其他事项,守法和避免急转弯似乎对我更重要一些;我选择的受害人的社会地位对我完全不重要。We could argue over the technical aspects of dishing out death judiciously. 我们可能对于明智而审慎地分发死亡的技术方面争论不休。For example, if we are to condemn car occupants, would we go ahead regardless of whether the passengers are children or criminals?例如,如果我们宣判汽车乘员死刑,那么无论乘客是孩子还是罪犯,我们都会照做不误吗?But to fret over such details would be pointless. 但是,为此类细节烦恼将是毫无意义的。If anything, this experiment demonstrates the extreme difficulty of reaching a consensus on the ethics of driverless cars. 如果说有任何收获的话,那就是这个实验明,要在无人驾驶汽车的道德上达成共识是极其困难的。Similar surveys show that the utilitarian ideal of saving the greatest number of lives works pretty well for most people as long as they are not the roadkill.类似调查显示,对大多数人而言,救下最多条命这个功利主义观念合情合理——只要他们自己不在车轮下丧生。I am pessimistic that we can simply pool our morality and subscribe to a norm — because, at least for me, the norm is not normal. 我对于只是把大家的道德集合到一起、然后遵守一个规范感到很悲观,因为,至少在我看来,这个规范不是正常的。This is the hurdle faced by makers of self-driving cars, which promise safer roads overall by reducing human error: who will buy a vehicle run on murderous algorithms they do not agree with, let alone a car programmed to sacrifice its occupants?这是自动驾驶汽车厂商面临的障碍。他们承诺通过减少人类过错来提高整体道路安全,但是谁会购买一辆由他本人并不认可的杀戮算法操控的汽车呢?更别提程序设定牺牲车上乘客的汽车了。It is the idea of premeditated killing that is most troubling. 最令人不安的正是这种预谋杀戮的构想。That sensibility renders the death penalty widely unpalatable, and ensures abortion and euthanasia remain contentious areas of regulation. 那种敏感性让死刑普遍难以接受,并确保堕胎和安乐死仍是引起争议的监管领域。Most of us, though, grudgingly accept that accidents happen. 不过,我们大多数人咬牙接受事故可能发生。Even with autonomous cars, there may be room for leaving some things to chance.即便是自动驾驶汽车,或许也应该留下让某些事情听天由命的空间。 /201609/468720山东省青岛诺德医院价格表 “Everything has been figured out, except how to live.” - Jean-Paul SartreI’m nearly 35 years old, and I’ve made my share of mistakes in my life. I’m not a big believer in regrets … and I have learned tremendously from every single mistake … and my life is pretty great.However, there are a few things I wish I had known when I was graduating from high school and starting out as an adult in life.Would I change things? I’m not so sure. I might never have gotten into a mountain of debt, but then I wouldn’t have learned the amazing satisfaction of getting out of it. I might have made better career choices, but then I wouldn’t have all the work experience that makes me the blogger and writer that I am today.I might not have gotten married that first time, so that I would never have gotten divorced … but then I wouldn’t have my first two beautiful wonderful incredible children from that first marriage.I don’t think I would change any of that. However, looking back, there are some lessons I’ve learned that I would probably tell my 18-year-old self. Do I share them now to share my regrets? No, I share them in hopes that younger men and women, just starting out in life, can benefit from my mistakes and my lessons.What follows isn’t an exhaustive list, but it’s one that I hope proves useful to at least a few people.“I hope life isn’t a big joke, because I don’t get it.” - Jack HandeyHow to control impulse spending. If there’s anything that got me in trouble financially, it’s impulse spending. Buying clothes when I don’t need them. Buying gadgets because I gotta have them. Ordering stuff online because it’s so easy. Buying that new shiny SUV because … well, because it was going to help me with women. I’m not proud of any of that. I’ve learned to control my impulses, at least a little better. Now, I give myself some time to breathe. I think over my purchases, see if I’ve got the money, think about whether it’s a need or a want. That would have been a useful tool 15 years ago.You gotta stay active. I was in track, cross country and basketball in high school, but once I started college, the running and basketball began to slowly fade away. Not right away — I played pick-up basketball for years after high school. But even that went away, until I became sedentary. Playing with my kids outdoors winded me. And I began to get fat. I’ve reversed that trend, and am very active now, but I’m still trying to burn the fat I gained in those inactive years.How to plan finances. I always knew that I was supposed to budget and track my spending, when I became an adult. I just was too lazy to do it. And I didn’t have a good idea of how to actually do it. Now, I’ve learned how to plan, and how to stick to that plan. Sure, I deviate from my plan, but I’ve learned how to handle that too. Maybe that’s not a skill you can learn from book ing. You just gotta practice. Well, I hope to teach it to my children before they go out on their own.Junk food will come back to bite you in the butt. Yeah, it wasn’t just the sedentary lifestyle that got me fat. It was all the damn junk food too. I would eat pizza and burgers and Twinkies and sugar cereal and desserts and donuts and … well, you get the picture. As someone used to being able to eat whatever I wanted, it never seemed like it would be a problem. Bad health was something to worry about when you got old. Well, my jeans began to get way too tight, and to my horror, I climbed several pants sizes and developed a gut that only now is going away. I wish someone had shown me an “after” picture when I was young and downing the Big Gulp sodas.Smoking is just dumb. I didn’t start smoking until I was well into my adult years. I won’t go into why I started, but it didn’t seem like a problem, because I knew I could quit anytime I wanted. Or I thought I could, at least, until several years later I gave it a go and couldn’t do it. Five failed quits later and I realized with horror that my addiction was stronger than I was. Sure, I eventually beat the habit (quit date: Nov. 18, 2005) but it took a piece of my soul to do it.Fund your retirement, son. And don’t withdraw it. This piece of wisdom, and probably all the ones above, might seem blisteringly obvious. And they are. Don’t think I didn’t know this when I was 18. I did. I just didn’t pay it serious attention. Retirement was something I could worry about when I was in my 30s. Well, I’m in my 30s now and I wish I could slap that little 18-year-old Leo around a bit. What money I could have invested by now! I had a retirement plan, but on the 3 occasions when I changed jobs, I withdrew that and spent it frivolously.All the stuff you’re doing that seems hard — it will be of use. This is the first one that might not be as obvious. There were times in my life when work was hard, and I did it anyway, but hated it. I did it because I had to, but boy did it stress me out and leave me exhausted. Hard work isn’t as easy as I wanted it to be. But you know what? Every bit of hard work I did without knowing why I was doing it … it’s paid off for me in the long run. Maybe not right away, but I’m using skills and habits I learned during those times of high stress and long hours and tedious work — I use them all the time, and they’ve made me into the person I am today. Thank you, younger Leo!Don’t buy that used van without checking it out closely. I thought I was being smart by buying used, but I didn’t check it out carefully enough. That dang van had loads of engine problems, a door that nearly fell off when I was driving, a door handle that snapped off, a side mirror that fell off, no spare tire despite three tires that were y to blow (and did), windows that didn’t roll up, rattling noises, an eventual blown radiator … I could go on and on, but let’s just say that it wasn’t my best purchase. I still think buying used is smart, but check things out closely first.That guy you’re going to sell your car to? On a gentleman’s agreement? He’s not gonna pay you. I sold another car to a friend of a friend, who I was sure would pay me even if I had nothing in writing. That was smart. I still see the guy once in awhile on the road, but I don’t have the energy to do a U-turn and chase after him.Make time to pursue your passion, no matter how busy you are. I’ve always wanted to be a writer, and get a book published. I just never had time to write. With a family and school and a full-time job, there just weren’t enough hours in the day. Well, I’ve learned that you have to make those hours. Set aside a block of time to do what you love, cut out other stuff from your life that take up your time, and don’t let anything interfere with that work. If I had done that 15 years ago, I could have 15 books written by now. Not all would be great, but still.All that stuff that’s stressing you out — it won’t matter in 5 years, let alone 15. When things are happening to you right now, they mean all the world. I had deadlines and projects and people breathing down my neck, and my stress levels went through the roof. I don’t regret the hard work (see above) but I think I would have been less stressed if I could have just realized that it wouldn’t matter a single bit just a few years down the road. Perspective is a good thing to learn.The people you make friends with are so much more important than your job or the things you buy. I’ve had a few jobs, I’ve bought a lot of things, and I’ve made a few friends over these last 15 years. Of those, the only thing that still matter to me are the friends. And I wish I could have spent more time with friends (and family) than on the other things.All that time you spend watching TV is a huge, huge waste of time. I don’t know how much TV I’ve watched over the years, but it’s a crapload. Hours and days and weeks I’ll never have back. Who cares what happens on reality TV, when reality is slipping by outside? Time is something you’ll never get back — don’t waste it on TV.Your kids are going to grow up way faster than you think. Don’t waste a minute. I just had an Oh My God moment recently. My oldest daughter, Chloe, is 14 going on 15 next month. I have 3 years left with her before she leaves my house and becomes an adult. Three years! I am floored by that single fact, because it really doesn’t seem anywhere near enough time. I want to go back to my younger self and whack that younger Leo on the head and say Stop working so hard! Stop watching TV! Spend more time with your kids! These last 15 years with Chloe (and my other wonderful kids) have gone by much, much too fast.Forget the drama. Focus on being happy. There have been many things that have happened to me, professionally and personally, that seem like the end of the world. And while these things were bad, they get blown up in our heads so that they become major drama. They caused me to be depressed from time to time. What a waste of time. If I realized that it was all in my head, and that I could be happy instead if I focused on the positive, on what I did have, and what I could be doing … I could have skipped all the moping about.Pay more attention to blogs when you first hear about them. They’re more than just journals. I first about blogs 7-8 years ago, but when I took a look at them they didn’t seem like anything of interest. Just some people’s journals about stuff they on the web. Why would I want to those? I have my own thoughts about the web, but I don’t need to share them with the world. I spent a lot of time on the Internet, on various sites and forums, but every time I happened upon a blog I would brush past it without interest. It wasn’t until a couple years ago that I discovered what wonderful things they could be (I mentioned some of my early favorites in my list of influences). If I had gotten into blogging years ago … well, I wouldn’t have been wasting all that time.Speaking of which, keep a journal. Seriously. Your memory is extremely faulty. I forget things really easily. Not short-term stuff, but long-term. I don’t remember things about my kids’ early years, because I didn’t record any of it. I don’t remember things about my life. It’s like a lot of foggy memories that I’ll never have access to. I wish I had kept a journal.Tequila is seriously evil. I won’t go into details, but it should suffice to say that I had some bad experiences, and I’m not sure I learned very much from them or benefited in any way except to learn that tequila is the drink of the Devil.Yes, you can do a marathon. Don’t put this goal off — it’s extremely rewarding. Running a marathon had always been a dream of mine, since high school … something I wanted to do but thought was out of reach. Or if I ever did it, it would be years and years later. Well, I learned that it’s not only achievable, it’s incredibly rewarding. I wish I had started training when I was young and light and fit … I could have had some good finishing times!All these mistakes you’re going to make, despite this advice? They’re worth it. My 18-year-old self would probably have this post and said, “Good advice!” And then he would have proceeded to make the same mistakes, despite good intentions. I was a good kid, but I wasn’t good at following advice. I had to make my own mistakes, and live my own life. And that’s what I did, and I don’t regret a minute of it. Every experience I’ve had (even the tequila ones) have led me down the path of life to where I am today. I love where I am today, and wouldn’t trade it for another life for all the world. The pain, the stress, the drama, the hard work, the mistakes, the depression, the hangovers, the debt, the fat … it was all worth it.“Let us so live that when we come to die even the undertaker will be sorry.” - Mark Twain /200804/34785青岛去眼袋黑眼圈多少钱

在青岛地区e光祛色素斑哪家医院好英国八旬老人九年练就芭蕾You are never too old to learn. This is never too right for a man who started his ballet dream at the age of 79.An 88-YEAR-OLD man starred in his first ballet production Sunday after learning to dance at the tender age of 79.Retired teacher John Lowe, of Witchford, Cambridgeshire, has been busy perfecting his pirouettes ahead of his role in Prokofiev's The Stone Flower.The pensioner, who has 11 grandchildren, said: "I practise each day and I've got a rope at home that I use to pull my leg up higher."I'm lucky that I don't have any problem with the routines but that's because I exercise."Mr Lowe started ballet nine years ago, having watched his daughter Alison become a professional dancer."I think it's a wonderful thing to do and I can't understand why more men don't do it," he said."There's nothing effeminate about it — you have to be incredibly fit to dance. I see some people crawling around, hunched over smoking a cigarette — they should be doing ballet."It's a wonderful feeling. I had always wanted to dance and it's never too late to learn."Mr Lowe, who is part of the Lantern Dance Theatre Company, acted a lumberman in the play. 活到老,学到老。这句话用在一位79岁开始“追逐”芭蕾之梦的老人身上最贴切不过了。上周日,一位88岁的老人上演了他的芭蕾“处女秀”,他在79岁那年才开始学芭蕾。这位老人就是来自(英国)剑桥郡威奇福德市的退休教师约翰#8226;劳伊。劳伊的“处女秀”是普罗柯菲耶夫的芭蕾舞剧《宝石花》,在演出开始之前,他一直在练习脚尖旋转动作。现享受退休金的劳伊共有11个孙子。他说:“我每天都练功,我家里有根绳子,专门用来吊腿。”“我很庆幸自己做这些动作没什么问题,不过这主要是因为我经常锻炼。”九年前,劳伊看到女儿艾莉森成为一名职业舞蹈演员,便开始学习芭蕾。他说:“我觉得跳芭蕾是件十分美妙的事,我不明白为什么大多数男性都不愿意做这件事。”“其实芭蕾并不‘女人气’,反而需要健康的体魄才能跳好。我看到一些人四处闲逛、弯腰驼背、叼着烟——他们应该考虑去学芭蕾。”“跳芭蕾的感觉很美妙。我一直都想学会跳舞,只要你想学,年龄永远不是问题。”劳伊目前是“灯之舞剧团”的一名演员,他在剧中饰演一名伐木工人。 /200803/29234莱阳地区中心医院激光祛痣多少钱 在青岛全身抽脂大概多少钱

山东省青岛临沂美胸医院 A farmer in China has shown off his prize piglet which has two heads containing three eyes two noses and two mouths. 一个中国农民向记者展示了他中的仔猪。这只仔猪有两个头三只眼睛,两个鼻子和两张嘴。Locals began flocking to the farm in Luzhou south-west China#39;s Sichuan province to get a glimpse of the #39;mutant#39; animal reports the People#39;s Daily Online. 人民日报在线报道,当地人甚至开始蜂拥到位于中国西南部的四川泸州的农场,为的就是一窥这一“突变”物种。Some have even offered cash for the animal which was born on June 5.有些人甚至还要出钱买下这只6月5日出生的动物。Owner: The farmer surnamed Zhong says he has been offered cash for the piglet but will not part with it.仔猪的主人是位姓钟(音译)的农民,他说他已经收到了买家的钱,但不愿意卖掉它。He says he usually feeds the animals ragweed and did not give the pregnant pig anything extra.他说他经常喂猪吃豚草,从未给怀的母猪喂过额外的东西。 /201606/450038青岛诺德太田痣鲜红斑痣点痣切痣痣价格山东省青岛德州割双眼皮大概多少钱



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