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2019年09月17日 09:19:48 | 作者:服务优惠 | 来源:新华社
TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201510/404726UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Time for the Shoutout.“大声喊出来”的时间到了!Which of these inventions was made during the Middle Ages?以下哪项发明是在中世纪出现的?If you think you know it, shout it out.如果你认为你知道,那么就大声喊出来吧!Was it the mechanical clock, eyeliner, Tesla coil or aqueduct?是机械钟、眼线膏、特斯拉线圈还是沟渠?Youve got three seconds. Go.你有三秒钟的时间,开始!UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The only one of these inventions made between the years 500 A.D. and the Renaissance was the mechanical clock.以上从公元500年到文艺复兴时间段内的发明只有机械钟。Thats your answer and thats your Shoutout.那就是你的,那就是你的“大喊”。AZUZ: Modern-day science might have just learned something from Middle Ages medicine. 现代科学可能从中世纪药物里学到了点儿什么。;Balds Leechbook,; a medical textbook dating back to the 900s, has a recipe for an eye ointment -- garlic, onion or leeks, wine and part of a cows stomach. 追溯到9世纪,一本名为Balds Leechbook的英国古籍记载了一种眼膏的做法,成分有蒜头、洋葱或葱头、红酒和牛胃的一部分。Researchers at the University of Nottingham in the U.K. recently decided to test this out as an antibiotic. 英国诺丁汉大学的研究者最近决定将其作为一种抗生素进行试验。They almost couldnt believe the results.他们几乎不敢相信这个结果。Youve heard us talk about super bugs lately -- bacteria that are hard to kill with modern antibiotics. 大家可能还记得我们曾谈论过超级细菌,一般的抗生素难以杀死这种细菌。MRSA is an example. 金黄色葡萄球菌就是其中一种。And shockingly, the 1,000-year-old eye remedy destroys MRSA.令人震惊的是,这种来自1000年前的古偏方杀死了金黄色葡萄球菌。 /201504/369275栏目简介:《趣味科普英语视频》有着浓厚的趣味性,能够增加英语学习爱好者对英语科普知识的兴趣,从而更加开心快乐地学习英语知识,建立起英语学习的基础,为以后学习更多的英语知识奠基,快来边看视频边涨姿势吧!201509/401304What a stunning realization it must have been.这项认定一定很让人震惊The Universe is a machine governed by principles, or laws,宇宙有如机器 依循原理或法则而行laws that can be understood by the human mind.而且是人类心智能了解的法则I believe the discovery of these laws has been humankinds greatest achievement,我认为发现这些法则 是人类最伟大的成就for its these laws of nature, as we now call them,因为就是这些我们现在所称的自然法则that will tell us whether we need a God to explain the Universe at all.能告诉我们是否需要上帝 才能解释宇宙For centuries,it was believed that disabled people like me数百年来 人们相信像我这样的残疾人士were living under a curse inflicted by God.是活在上帝所降的诅咒中的While I suppose its possible that Ive upset someone up there,我想我是有可能 惹恼了上面某人I prefer to think that everything can be explained another way by the laws of nature.但我更倾向认为 一切都可以用另一种方式解释 也就是自然法则So,what exactly is a law of nature,到底什么是自然法则and why is it so powerful?它的威力又为何如此强大Ill show you with a game of tennis.我用网球赛来说明Tennis is governed by two sets of laws.网球受到两套法则所规范One set is man-made the rules of the game.一套是人所制定的 比赛规则They govern things such as the size of the court,the height of the net,所规范的事包括球场尺寸 网子的高度and what determines if a shot is in...or if a shot is out.以及如何判定球是落在界内 还是界外201603/429328

Hello, young man.Do I know you?Stephen Hawking.你好啊 年轻人 我认识你吗 我是史蒂芬·霍金I, I applied for you to supervise my Ph.D.我申请由你来做我的导Too busy, was I?Yes, I think so.Brains, balls, and cash.Im sorry?我太忙 没接受对吗 我想是的 脑子 胆子 票子 您说什么Physics, in this country is a battle field and a bloody one.物理 在这个国家是一个血腥的战场You need brains which ought to be enough but it isnt,你得有脑子 这本该够了 但事与愿违because you need cash to fund whatever your brain is working on.因为你得有钱去资助你脑子在想的工作And to get cash no one has in this country,而你要在这个国家拿到钱you need balls because theyll try and stop you.你就得有胆子 因为会有人试图阻止你You will see. You found the subject?你走着瞧吧 选好课题了吗Any ideas?I dont know yet.有什么想法吗 我还没想好Well, when you do, remember this:等你想好了 要记住You have to fight for what you believe in to the nail,你要为你相信的事斗争到底or the buggers will stop you.否则那些混蛋会阻挡你201512/414107

Physically its almost unthinkable what kept them going.仅从体力上来讲 很难想象 是什么让他们坚持下去的With a bullet in his leg, Ruch is caught in the crossfire.由于腿部中弹 鲁赫被困于一场交火中General, I cant move, Im hit.Get yourself to hospital or youll get yourself killed!将军 我动弹不了 我中弹了 快去医院 不然你会死的!In this war, 600,000 will lose their lives.战争中 六十万人失去了生命There mustve been 10 or 12 amputations in this room.这间房中肯定有十或十二人需要截肢The doctors had their sleeves rolled up And were covered in blood.医生们卷起袖管 满身是血But the carnage brings medical progress,但这场残杀却带来了医学的进步Field hospitals on the frontline,Professional doctors.前线的战地医院 有专业的医生Anesthetics, mainly chloroform, are pioneered.还首创了麻醉药 其主要成分是氯仿Used in 95% of all surgical operations through the war.战争期间 95%的手术中都使用了麻醉药The introduction of female nurses Greatly improves hygiene and patient care.女护士的引入 大大改善了卫生条件和病人的护理水平Survival rates skyrocket by 60%.伤员的存活率飙升到60%Ruch will survive his wounds And return to his life as a farmer.鲁赫的伤会痊愈 之后他又会回乡务农Union troops are forced back.北方联邦军被迫后退But the norths superior infrastructure Will turn the battle in their favor.但北方先进的基础建设 将会扭转战争局势201604/438878


Its reality appears distorted by the round fishbowl.他看到的现实世界被圆形的鱼缸扭曲了Everything is warped and curved.一切都变形 弯曲In Monza they found it was so cruel to keep fish in such a distorted reality把鱼养在如此扭曲的世界里 被蒙扎的人视为残酷的行为They actually banned round fishbowls.因此这儿竟然禁用圆形鱼缸Speaking as a scientist,now I think such a law is unfounded.从科学家的角度来说 我认为那种法律毫无根据Just because the goldfishesview isnt the same as ours只因为金鱼的视野与我们不同It doesnt mean that it is living in a distorted reality.并不表示它活在扭曲的现实世界里Imagine that this goldfish is something of a genius.我们来想象这条是天才金鱼Even though he sees the world differently than we do即使它看的世界与我们看到的不同He can still work out the laws of nature.它仍能计算出自然法则The mathematics would be more complicated to account for the distorted perspective因为扭曲的视野的关系 数学计算过程会更加复杂But the physics would be the same.但其中的物理现象是相同的If this clever fish could work out how fast the polices motorcycle was moving...若这只聪明的鱼 能算出警察的托车移动速度有多快He could calculate the right trajectory and the right moment to escape.它就能计算出正确的轨道及正确的时刻 从而成功逃脱201602/426802

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