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浙江省金华第一人民医院是正规医院吗?健康热点

2019年11月22日 06:58:35|来源:国际在线|编辑:健康社区
Theres been so much conversation recently about societal bubbles, echo chambers media bubbles, personal algorithm bubbles.最近有很多人在讨论社交泡沫 回音室效应 媒体泡沫 个人算法泡沫之类的话题My newsfeed told me that everyone thought the same way I did.我的新闻推送让我觉得每个人和自己的想法都一样And theres a conflict there.但实际上不是这样的One of the biggest reasons that those emerged was that companies like Facebook at the end of the day youre the product theyre selling.出现这种现象的最主要的原因之一在于像脸书这样的公司正在把你当做它们的商品在售卖Theyre actually selling you as a sale on that network; theyre selling you to advertisers它们实际上正在把你当做它们的廉价商品在售卖 它们正在把你售卖给广告商and so they need to put a nice polite bow around you所以他们需要讨好你and they need to find look-alik audiences that think like you and look like you.需要找一些和你相似的用户这些用户想法和你类似 看上去和你属于一类人And the easiest way to do that is algorithmically to focus on,做到这点最简单的方法是将注意力集中在网站算法上and at the same time there was never the dislike button, there was the like button.同时网站上从来没有吐槽按钮 只有点赞按钮And so if you have a positive based signaling system like that that is designed他们设计一个这样的正面信息反馈系统to create a polite community of like minded people so that I could be targeted easier by an advertiser是为了创立一个志趣相投者聚集的文明社区以便广告商定向投放广告because my information is whats being sold,这是用户个人信息被售卖的结果then the result of that is going to be a nice polite bubble echo chamber and were seeing that right now.于是我们仿佛置身于一个和谐的充满回音的大气泡中 这就是社交媒体的现状And people are astonished that I didnt see the other half of this community,人们惊异于自己竟看不见此网络社区中的另一半人群literally half of them that thought differently than me.实际上即和自己想法不同的那部分用户I dont see the ideas of that.看不到那部分人的观点At no point in modern history or in any human history has one person had as much control在现代历史甚至任何其它人类历史上 从来没有一个人能像扎克伯格一样over what we think, what we see, what we do than Mark Zuckerberg.在如此大的程度上掌控我们所想 所见及所做He has more power than anyone in human history right now.他现在拥有人类历史上无人能及的权利And the scariest thing about it is, because I dont think hes innately a bad person,最可怕的是 我不认为他生来就是坏人I dont know him enough to say one way or the other, but the problem is its not transparent.我对他知之不多 所以不好评价但问题是我们没有知情权We have no idea what dials are being pulled or what knobs are being turned that are controlling the information coming to us.我们完全不知道Facebook是运用什么手段控制着给我们推送的信息There are two big moments that Ive had that made me really think about this.我开始认真思考这些是因为我经历过的两次重要事件The first is that I used to represent a bunch of celebrities that were uncomfortable coming into platforms like Facebook第一次是我曾代表一群名人入驻facebook 他们对入驻这样的平台感到不安because they didnt know if it was about them as a celebrity or if it was about them as a high school friend.因为不知道自己在网站上的身份是名人还是某个普通高中生朋友And so we worked early on with Facebook and with other platforms to kind of set a set of rules,所以我们很早就和Facebook及其他平台合作 并建立了一套规则heres how we would engage with a famous person and a Facebook page would mean this.通过将一位名人与一张Facebook页面关联起来的的方式可以看出我们的运作模式And so we helped those celebrities create content to talk to their audiences to build a direct connection.我们通过帮助这些名人创建内容这样他们可以与用户建立直接沟通And suddenly there were people like Mark Wahlberg or Charlize Theron or Hugh Jackman or any of these people于是突然间冒出了很多像马克 沃尔伯格 查理兹 塞隆 休 杰克曼这样的人that are massive accounts inside of social they suddenly look like massive social networks他们有数量巨大的粉丝 以自己为中心构建了巨大的社交网络The idea that one person could push a button and reach 20 million fans was a big threat to a business model一个人点击一下按钮马上就会推送到两千万粉丝 这严重威胁到了一种商业模式based on me selling the advertising, not of the celebrity selling the advertising即平台出售广告 而不是名人出售广告And that was really one of the births of the algorithmic suppression of content.这确实是从算法上对内容进行抑制的因源之一And so we started seeing that on code drop Tuesdays in Facebook于是我们开始看到 每周二Facebook优化代码应用时suddenly a person that would reach five million people out of the 12 million that they had as fans有人会突然新增500万粉丝而他们本就已经有了1200万粉丝people loved their content would engage 100,000 likes, 300,000 likes really great content that people loved若大家喜欢他们的内容 会有10万个赞 如果是大家特别喜欢的内容 则会有30万的赞we would just see that being dialed down and we started seeing it at such a mass scale通过算法对内容进行抑制 我们开始看到了如此大规模的回应and thats where a lot of the ideas of this book came from本书的诸多想法皆来源于此is I was looking at a trillion pieces of data a month across this network that was connected to at times over eight billion connections我每个月通过信息实时流通的社交网络 观测上10亿的数据信息in a system that was only 700 million people at the time.有时候仅仅7亿人在线就可以创造超过80亿的连接So we had a really good snapshot of what was happening.由此我们可以快速了解到正在发生的事情And as the business model grew for Facebook it was dial it down, dial it down weekly随着上述商业模式的发展 对于Facebook来说 是每周一次的流量爆表And people start screaming but you bait and switched me然后人们开始惊呼是Facebook在引诱和转变自己You told me to make content.Facebook一开始告诉用户要自己创造内容I went out there and I put money into your system to gain followers, to gain fans.于是大家来注册 投钱吸粉It wasnt just celebrities, it was companies like The New York Times or companies like yourselves不仅对于名人是这样 对于像纽约时报这样的公司or companies that wanted to reach an audience and build a base或者是像你这样的普通用户 或者任何想建立一定粉丝基础的公司都是一样and then suddenly Facebook said well, you know, I understand that this is based on a trusted system between you and your consumer然后突然 Facebook告诉用户 涨粉是基于你和你的粉丝之间的信任and that consumer subscribed to you because they really want to hear from粉丝们关注你是因为他们想知道你的观点和动态you, but were the business in between now.我们只是这之中的媒介And thats a hard business to be in in a long-term perspective because I subscribed to someone从长远的视角来看 充当这种媒介是很难的 我们关注某个人because I trust that source and I need that source.是因为我们相信并需要这个信息源And so that algorithm, until we have transparency, and then at the same time you about these只要有这种算法存在 我们就没有知情权 同时 你应该看看下面说的的这个研究studies where Facebook arbitrarily without anyone knowing took 300,000 random people即Facebook自作主张 在无人知情的情况下随机选取30万人and turned up positive content that week and turned up negative content the next week.这周给他们推送正面的内容 下周推送负面的内容And they just wanted to do an experiment on people.这只是他们拿用户做的一项实验You cant to do experiments on people without them agreeing.你不能在人们没有同意的情况下拿他们做实验Oh, its in our click through terms of service 27 pages deep were going to do random experiments on you socially.噢 原来当我们点击那些务条款时在第二十七页的一个角落里提到了我们要对你开展随机的社会实验Those are things that are really troubling to me and those are things that in my mind这些事情严重困扰了我 它们萦绕我的脑海里are a rallying cry around transparency of these algorithms, around transparency of why am I getting this information?汇成一股渴望 即我们应该拥有对算法的知情权拥有对信息推送机制的知情权What is the reason behind this?出现这种(没有知情权)现象背后的原因是什么And not six different emotions that I can express of wow or sadness or anger, like fuck you Im not that stupid.right?仅仅六种表情 像是惊讶 悲伤 生气并不能表达我们的所有情绪有时候我们也想说 ;去你的我才没那么蠢;Give me transparency.让我们拥有知情权If 70 percent of millennials are now receiving news information from Facebook,如果现在有70%的千禧一代从Facebook接收新消息please show me some transparency in the sources, in the trust factor, what is the edge rank.请让我们对这些消息的来源和可信度源拥有知情权以及edge rank的算法原理Facebook perfected edge rank as a concept that now puts it in peoples vocabulary of the trusted credit score between myself as a content provider and my audience.facebook将edge rank算法完善 并使人们相信它是内容提供者和受众粉丝之间的一个值得信赖的信用评分体系We dont know anymore. There is no transparency.其它的我们就不知道了 我们没有知情权Its really arbitrary and that scares me. That terrifies me. And its not just in the newsfeed.这种自作主张的行为 令我感到害怕 非常害怕 不仅是在新闻推送这一块I had an experience where I sent an image from a medical textbook of a guy that还有一次 我想把一张医学书上的图片发送给一个人I was in a fight with and I was like youre acting like you have a micropenis.当时我在和这个人打嘴仗 我想讥讽他小弟弟小And I went in Google and I went on search and I typed micropenis于是我打开谷歌搜索 输入小弟弟这个关键词and of the first image I got was from a medical textbook of a 47-year-old person and I dragged that into my Facebook chat window and sent it.第一张图片是一本医学书上一个47岁的人我把这张图片拉进我的Facebook对话框发过去了And instantly, I was riding passenger in a car, the stereo went off当时我正在车里 突然我的立体声音乐停止了 因为我的Spotify是联网的because my Spotify was connected, my Facebook account was blocked, of course Instagram I couldnt get into that,而我的Facebook账号被封禁了当然 Instagram也登不进去了I couldnt get into SoundCloud because I used my Facebook for there.Soundcloud也进不去了因为我是用Facebook账号登陆的And then I was like what? So I tried to log back into Facebook.当时我就愣了 然后我试着重新登录FacebookIt said youre under investigation for international child pornography. I was like what?它说你因为涉嫌传递国际儿童色情信息正在接受调查 我还能说啥?So I went back to Google and I was like okay thats a medical textbook.于是我回到谷歌搜索页面 确信那只是一本医学书籍Its a 47-year-old I have the proof that this is not child pornography.图片是一个47岁的成年人这可以明并没有什么儿童色情信息And then I was enraged and I was like who do I call?我感到很愤怒 这时候我该找谁?So I went in the helpline and they said theres nothing you can do. Youre under review.于是我拨打了务热线 对方无能为力 因为你正在接受调查Well get back to you within three days maybe. That was the response.我们会在三天内将你的账户解禁 可能的话 这就是他们的回复I was like wait these people have my identity, all these things that Im relying upon are connected to this system.然而这些人有我的身份信息而所有我网络生活需要的那些信息都与这个社交网络相关联The guy never received the image on the other side because I called him and I said did you get an image for me?与我打嘴仗的家伙最终没有收到那张图 因为我打电话问了他看他是否收到了图片He said no it just shut off. Thats terrifying to me.他说没有 然后挂掉了 这让我感到很害怕Someone can just be erased from a system without any recourse, without anything?一个社交系统可以抹除一个人 不理会任何追索任何补救Thats too much power for one person.这对于一个人来说是何其大的权力And so Ive been pushing a lot and what Ive been saying lately is somebody should invent所以我一直都在努力改变这种状况后来我觉得应该有人identity within the block chain so that we have an identity system that is mine.去创造一种封锁系统之内的身份标识这样我们就可以有自己的身份识别系统In Iceland we have this thing called a Kennitala.在冰岛我们管这叫KennitalaIts a unique identifier that is literally your unique ID, your genetic records,这是一种独一无二的身份标识实际上就是属于你的独特的身份标识号码your health records, your financial records all in one你的遗传信息 病史 经济状况都包含在里面而且我们有完全的知情权and it allows me to have total transparency across a system and anyone that Im encountering.不论是对于所处的系统还是我们偶遇的什么人而且我们有完全的知情权and it allows me to have total transparency across a system and anyone that Im encountering.不论是对于所处的系统还是我们偶遇的什么人So you dont need a payday lender or a check cashing place所以你不需要发薪日贷款机构 票兑现处 信用评分or a credit score or any of these third-party parasites that exist in our system because you have real identity.或任何这种第三方的鉴定机构的存在因为你有了真正的身份标识And so those are kind of fundamental things that I think out of this new awareness正是这些基本的事实 使我有了新的看法were going to start realizing that we need incorruptible identity,我们开始意识到我们需要的是不会被篡取的身份标识这个数字身份标识we need to have our digital identity as part of us of who we are as human beings as part of this system.是我们身为人类的一部分是这个系统里的一部分Because relying upon a commercial interest like Facebook to have our identity,因为依赖Facebook这样的一个商业性盈利机构使其取得我们的身份标识to capture everything it means in our digital life and they can just flip a switch, ask anybody thats been blocked by Facebook.取得我们数字化生活中的一切重要信息使得它能轻易的抹杀我们 问问那些被Facebook封禁过的人吧There is no recourse.他们都没有追索的余地Youre up to somebody in a farm deciding whether or not youre a good person or a bad person or whether or not you deserve an account.由一个不相关的人来决定你是好是坏决定你配不配拥有一个社交账户That is way too much power for any institution to have over us.对任何机构来说 这种加诸于我们的权力都太大了201706/514813A world of garrisons and barracks had now become a society in its own right.曾经重兵驻防的要塞 如今终有其归宿From the middle of the second century,it makes sense to talk about a Romano-British culture,自二世纪中叶开始 罗马-不列颠文化慢慢形成and not just as a colonial veneer imposed on the resentful natives,but as a genuine fusion.而这并非仅是殖民者强加于愤恨土著的 而是真正意义上的民族融合Nowhere was this clearer than here in Bath.这在古城巴斯体现得淋漓尽致Bath was the quintessential Romano-British place.巴斯汇集了罗马-不列颠文化的精髓At once mod con and mysterious cult,曾集神秘的祭祀therapy and luxury, a marvel of hydraulic engineering奢华与疗养兼顾的水利工程奇迹and a showy theatre of the waters of healing.和华丽的水疗院于一身The spa was an extravaganza of buildings constructed over a spring这座温泉浴场就是这样的奢华建筑 建于泉水之上that gushed a third of a million gallons of hot water into the baths every day.每天可容纳三十余万加仑热水 涌入浴室池间When you soaked yourself in a bath, you washed your body and your soul,ablution and devotion at the same time.当你浸入池间 身体与灵魂会一同洗净 是身与心的双重洗礼Much of the bathing, the flirting, the gossip and the deal making多数的沐浴 调情 闲话与交易went on in this austerely grandiose Great Bath.都在这个古典而宏伟的大浴室中进行The spiritual heart of the place was the sacred spring a ferny grotto where water collected而此地的精神核心是一眼圣泉 一个集蓄水源长满苔藓的洞穴and where the devotees of the presiding goddess, Sulis Minerva,在此 女神苏里斯米涅尔瓦的崇拜者们could look through a specially constructed window at the altar erected in her honour能够在为女神而立的神坛上 透过一扇特制的窗口and occasionally could throw gift offerings in her way.还能偶尔为女神投下供奉 /201607/452803

Behold the bounty of earth.这些是来自地球的东西This is the cube of Rubik.这是一个魔方This simple puzzle was actually considered unsolvable by the humans.这个简单的东西,人类竟然认为是无解的。Did they not have brains?他们没有大脑吗?Mmm…simple ones.恩...他们的大脑比较简单Now, this was apparently a 21st century torture device.这是二十一世纪的刑具How long would they keep them strapped in there?他们要在里面呆多久?Sometimes hours at a time. Pretty gruesome.通常以小时计算。相当可怕。And over here we have their alphabet. It was called ;emoji;.现在我们来看看他们的语言文字。这个叫emojiA few symbols could express the vast extent of their emotion.这几个符号可以表达他们很多的情感。Uh… they had Chia pets, just like we do.额...他们也会像我们一样,有一些宠物。And this is the white and gold dress that caused a civil war. This is Scott Baio.而这件白金色衣曾引发一场内部战争。这是斯科特·拜奥But most amazing of all are the Avocados From Mexico.但最令人吃惊的是来自墨西哥的AvocadosTheyre always in season so you can enjoy them all year long.它们四季都有,所以你一整年都可以吃到。Anybody wanna feed Scott Baio? Its included in the price of admission. No?有人想要喂一下斯科特·拜奥吗?不用另外付费。没有吗?I mean, he double dipped. He...hell regenerate.他竟然蘸了两次酱。他会重生吧。No. He wont. He was a Quadmogger. Avocados From Mexico.不,他不会。他只是一条鱼。墨西哥的Avocados。201703/496305

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