时间:2019年12月10日 20:00:36

A new study by the University of Greenwich has found that drinking two glasses of beer can be a more effective and obviously more pleasant way to reduce pain than taking painkillers.格林威治大学一项最新研究发现,喝两杯啤酒是一种比吃止痛药更有效、更愉快地减缓疼痛的方法。;We have found strong evidence that alcohol is an effective painkiller,; Dr. Trevor Thompson, who headed the study, told The Sun last Saturday.上周六,该研究的负责人特雷弗·汤普森士向《太阳报》透露:“我们已经发现了强有力的据明酒精是有效的止痛药。”A mean blood alcohol content of approximately 0.08 percent produced a small elevation of pain threshold, and a moderate to large reduction in pain intensity ratings, according to the study published in The Journal of Pain.发表于《疼痛杂志》上的该调查表明,人体血液增加0.08%的酒精含量,身体的疼痛阈值就会被提高,从而中度至大幅度地减轻疼痛强度等级。Researchers observed 18 studies involving 404 participants who were suffering from chronic pain, such as arthritis. They also provided alcohol versus no-alcohol comparisons for 13 tests of pain threshold, and 9 tests of pain intensity ratings.研究人员对404名遭受关节炎等慢性疼痛病的患者进行了18项研究,同时对有酒精和无酒精干预下的疼痛阈值进行了13项测试,对疼痛强度等级进行了9项测试。Participants in the study reported a mean reduction of pain by 1.25 points when they were asked to rate their pain on a 0-to-10-point scale.研究参与者表示,如果用0到10分来衡量疼痛等级,那么喝酒之后,疼痛降低了1.25分。;It can be compared to opioid drugs such as codeine and the effect is more powerful than paracetamol,; Thompson said.汤普森士表示:“酒精可以与可待因等阿片类药物相比较,其效果比扑热息痛更好。”Findings suggest that alcohol is an effective analgesic that delivers clinically-relevant reductions in ratings of pain intensity, which could explain alcohol misuse in those with persistent pain despite its potential consequences for long-term health, said the study.研究表明,酒精能有效降低临床病痛等级。因此,持续性疼痛的患者往往会酗酒,而不顾酒精对长期健康所产生的影响。Despite these benefits, experts warned that excessive drinking will cause other health issues, thus it is advised to see a doctor for a viable long-term pain relief plan.虽然喝酒有所裨益,但是专家仍警告称,过度饮酒会导致其他的健康问题,因此患有长期疼痛病的人群应该咨询医生。 /201705/508097

Three experts weigh in on the subtle ways your little one might be asking for your help.三位专家从细微的方式入手阐明你的宝贝儿可能在寻求你的帮助。THEY ASK A LOT OF QUESTIONS ABOUT THE FUTURE.他们会问很多关于未来的问题。Kids with anxiety often worry about what#39;s going to happen and if they#39;re going to be okay. While they might not be able to truly verbalize these fears, they might frequently try to ease their minds by coming to you with questions about the future. ;Children often include their parents in their anxiety by asking for and seeking out reassurance,; says Dr. Janine Domingues, a clinical psychologist in the Anxiety and Mood Disorders Center at the Child Mind Institute in New York City. If your child is beginning to ask a wealth of questions that begin with the words ;what if,; take note.患焦虑症的孩子总会担心会发生什么事儿,以及自己是否会安然无恙。也许他们不能完全表达出自己的担忧,但他们可能会频繁的过来找你,问你一些有关未来的问题以使自己平静。;孩子们通常会通过询问寻求慰藉来让父母了解他们的焦虑,; Janine Domingues医生说道,她是纽约市儿童心理研究所焦虑和情绪紊乱中心的临床心理学家。如果你的孩子开始问及一些以;如果;开头的问题,那么你们就得注意了。THEY#39;VE STARTED EATING A LOT MORE OR A LOT LESS.他们开始食欲大增或食欲锐减。Abnormal behavioral symptoms of any sickness are often the ones that parents notice first, and behavioral symptoms of anxiety are no exception, says Dr. Aarti Gupta, a family psychologist and the clinical director of TherapyNest in Los Altos, California. Just like when she#39;s battling an illness that makes her stomach upset, your child might push away food (or even eat more of it than usual) when she#39;s feeling anxious.家长们首先都会注意到疾病所带来的异常行为症状,而焦虑的行为症状也不例外,Aarti Gupta医生说道,他是加州洛杉矶治疗屋(TherapyNest)的家庭心理学家和临床主任。正如孩子们肚子痛时会推开食物一样(又甚至是比平常吃的多),孩子们感到焦虑时也会如此。THEY#39;RE OFTEN IRRITABLE AND THROW OVER-THE-TOP TEMPER TANTRUMS.他们十分易怒,老是乱发脾气。Dr. Debra Kissen, the clinical director of the Light on Anxiety Treatment Center in Chicago, says that children will often seem irritable and aggressive as they attempt to process the complex emotions that come with an anxiety disorder. She also says children with anxiety might exhibit a ;low frustration tolerance; - meaning their reactions will seem disproportionate to the severity of the situations they#39;re dealing with, and their temper tantrums might seem over-the-top.芝加哥光照焦虑治疗中心(Light on Anxiety Treatment Center)的临床主任Debra Kissen医生说:由于孩子们试图消化焦虑症带来的复杂情感,因此他们总是容易生气,咄咄逼人。她还说焦虑症的孩子们还会有;较低的抗挫忍受力;--表明他们的反应可能会与他们所面临状况的严重度不相符,表明他们会乱发脾气。THEY SUFFER FROM FREQUENT HEADACHES AND TUMMY ACHES.他们总是头痛、肚子痛。Although these physical symptoms might not seem directly connected to the mental health problem that is anxiety, all three of our experts point to frequent headaches and stomachaches as common signs of the disorder. These physical reactions are the direct result of your child#39;s body responding to the danger they perceive, Dr. Domingues says.虽然这些身体症状与心理问题焦虑症没有什么直接联系,但以上三位专家都指出经常头痛和肚子痛却是焦虑症的常见症状。孩子们感知危险后会做出身体反应,而这些症状就是身体反应的直接结果,Domingues医生说道。译文属 /201609/468110

On Friday, WonderWoman turns 75, and she is getting a bang-up party. It will take place at theed Nations in the Economic and Social Council chamber, and special guests willinclude Diane Nelson, president of DC Entertainment (the company that owns DCComics, which invented Wonder Woman); Lynda Carter, who embodied Wonder Womanin the 1970s television series; Gal Gadot, who has taken on the role in theforthcoming Wonder Woman film; and the ed Nations secretary general, BanKi-moon.星期五,神奇女侠(Wonder Woman)就满75岁了,她得到了一个绝好的生日派对,将在联合国经济及社会理事会的大厅举行,特别嘉宾包括DC公司(DC Entertainment,创作了神奇女侠的DC漫画公司即属于该公司)总裁黛安·纳尔逊(Diane Nelson);1970年代在电视连续剧中饰演了神奇女侠的琳达·卡特(Lynda Carter);在即将上映的神奇女侠电影中饰演这一角色的盖尔·加朵(Gal Gadot);以及联合国秘书长潘基文(Ban Ki-moon)。Mr Ban, as itturns out, also has a present of sorts for the character: She is beingnamed an honorary ambassador for the empowerment of women and girls and forgender equality, a.k.a. Goal 5 of the ed Nations’ Sustainable DevelopmentGoals: 17 Goals to Transform Our World. 结果,潘基文也有一件算得上礼物的东西要送给这个角色:她被授予联合国女性和女孩赋权与性别平等荣誉大使称号,她的相关任务是《联合国可持续发展目标:17个改变我们世界的目标》( ed Nations’ Sustainable DevelopmentGoals: 17 Goals to Transform Our World)中的目标5。She will appear ina social media campaign and other initiatives.她将出现在一项社交网络宣传活动以及其他倡议计划中。On one level, thismakes sense. 在一个层面上,这是有道理的。Wonder Woman isthe epitome of the woman who needs a man the way a fish needs a bicycle. 神奇女侠象征了那种女人不需要男人就像鱼不需要自行车精神(70年代女权主义口号,由下文《Ms.》杂志的主编Gloria Steinem提出——译注),(She appearedtwice on the cover of Ms magazine.)她曾经两次出现在《Ms.》杂志的封面上。She isself-sufficient and strong and fights for equality and justice. 她自立、强悍,为平等和公正而斗争。She is notderivative of a male character the way Supergirl or Batgirl is, and she doesnot disguise herself as Catwoman does. 她不像女超人(Supergirl)和蝙蝠少女(Batgirl)那样,是男性角色的衍生品,她也不像猫女(Catwoman)那样对自己遮遮掩掩。In the new WonderWoman movie, due for release next summer, she says to her male co-star, What Ido is not up to you.在明年夏天上映的新版《神奇女侠》电影中,她对联袂出演的男星说:我做什么不由你说了算。And certainly, shebrings the organization’s cause to a whole new audience, said Maher Nasser, theOutreach Division director for the ed Nations Department of PublicInformation.当然,联合国新闻部外联司司长马希尔·纳赛尔(Maher Nasser)说,她能把联合国的事业向全新的人群传播。(The organizationrealized the advantages of teaming up with the comic book world this year whenRed from Angry Birds became its honorary ambassador for the International Dayof Happiness; all honorary ambassadors are fictional characters, as opposed to,say, messengers of peace, a category that includes celebrities like LeonardoDiCaprio, Charlize Theron and Jane Goodall, or good-will ambassadors, whoinclude Anne Hathaway, David Beckham and Shakira.)(今年,该组织意识到与漫画世界结盟的好处,愤怒的小鸟中的红鸟[Red from AngryBirds]成了联合国国际幸福日[International Dayof Happiness]的荣誉大使;所有荣誉大使都是虚构人物,与和平使者[messengers ofpeace]或亲善大使[good-willambassador]之类由名人担任的头衔相对,前者包括莱奥纳多·迪卡普里奥[Leonardo DiCaprio]、查理兹·塞隆[Charlize Theron]、珍·古道尔[Jane Goodall]等,后者包括安妮·海瑟薇[Anne Hathaway]、大卫·贝克汉姆[David Beckham]和夏奇拉[Shakira]等。It makes even moresense when you realize that in 1943, Wonder Woman ran for president. 如果你知道1943年,神奇女侠还竞选过总统,那就会觉得更有意义了。(It was 1,000years in the future, the ’40s comic book said, but, still.) And she wasrenominated by Ms magazine in 1972. (那是发生1000年后的未来,这本40年代的漫画中这样写道,不过还是挺了不起的。)1972年,她再次获得《Ms.》杂志的提名。Bringing her backto speak for what she believes in, in a year when a real-live woman may beelected to the Oval Office, seems more relevant than ever.在这样一个现实生活中的女性很可能通过竞选入主椭圆形办公室的年份里,把她带回人们的视线,说出其信仰,似乎比以往任何时候都有意义。Except for onething.只有一点例外。As Mr Nasser putit, somewhat delicately, the outfit issue.正如纳赛尔多少有点小心翼翼地指出的,存在装问题。Specifically, whathe said was, We are not unaware of the outfit issue, the issue being thatWonder Woman does most of her power work, as we all know, in a star-spangledstrapless bathing suit and knee-high boots, with a healthy amount of cleavageand leg on display. 他的原话是:我们不是没有注意到装问题,这个问题在于,我们都知道,神奇女侠在从事她的超能力工作时,都是穿着星条旗无肩带泳衣和及膝长靴,并适当地露出乳沟和大腿。Her clothes havenot, to put it mildly, caught up with her politics — or many other people’s,for that matter. 温和地说吧,她的衣给她的政治观点(或者就这件事而言,是很多其他人的政治观点)拖了后腿。(In the new film,she appears to wear a sort of loincloth-like skirt, too.)(在新版电影中,她也是穿着腰布式的短裙。In the end, theed Nations determined that, You have to look beyond the superficial to heractions, Mr Nasser said. 最后,联合国认为,你必须透过表面看她的行动,纳赛尔说。And Ms Carternoted that the character is so much bigger than what she wears.卡特也指出,这个角色内涵要比她的衣重要得多。But in the era ofDonald J. Trump, when theissue of objectifying women because of how they look is foremost in everyconversation, the outfit issue — and the related body image issue — cannot beso easily dismissed.但是在唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J. Trump)的时代,基于相貌而物化女性这个问题在每次谈话中都是头等重要的大事,装问题——以及相关的身体形象问题——是不能被轻易忽视的。Indeed, WonderWoman’s workwear is a look straight from the Miss Universe stage — as it usedto be when Mr Trump owned the pageant. 其实,神奇女侠的工作看上去简直是直接从环球(Miss Universe)舞台上拿来的——特朗普还是这个选美活动的老板时就是这样的。(He sold it lastyear to WME-IMG, the entertainment and sports giant.) After all, even Miss TeenUSA ended its swimsuit competition this year, transforming it into a gymwearsegment, the better to celebrate strength as opposed to va-va-voom. (去年他把这项活动卖给了与体育巨擘WME-IMG公司。)毕竟,就连美国妙龄(Miss Teen USA)今年都停止了泳装竞赛单元,改为运动环节,这才是更好的赞美力量,抵制对女人以貌取人的方式。Paula Shugart, thepresident of the Miss Universe Organization, wrote in a letter to statedirectors that was later ed in The New York Times, This decision reflectsan important cultural shift we’re all celebrating.环球组织的总裁宝拉·舒加特(Paula Shugart)一封写给各州选美指导们的信后来被《纽约时报》引用,这个决定反映了我们都为之欢欣鼓舞的文化变迁。Except WonderWoman is not.只有神奇女侠不高兴。This mattersbecause, like most superheroes, she is inseparable from her clothing: It is herimmediate signifier, the representation of all about her that is special andunique (and kick-butt). 这是因为,和大多数超级女英雄一样,她和自己的衣是密不可分的:这是她的符号,象征着她一切的特别与独到(还有霸气)之处。And that clothingunavoidably indicates to everyone that part of the source of her power is herbabeliciousness, as defined in a particularly retrograde way.那身衣不可避免地向所有人表明,她的力量有部分源自于她的秀色可餐,一种特别落伍的观念正是这么定义女性力量的。The reason SteveTrevor, her original love interest, falls for her is not just that she candefend herself and him, gallop into battle and choose not to kill her enemies. 她最初的暧昧对象史蒂夫·特雷弗(Steve Trevor)喜欢她,不是因为她能保护自己,也能保护他,能奔赴战场,还选择不杀死自己的敌人。It’s because,let’s be honest, of her looks — when she takes off her glasses, stops beingthat dowdy Diana Prince in a buttoned-up shirt and blossoms into her barelyclad self.诚实地说,是因为她的长相——那一刻她摘掉眼镜,不再做那个衣着过时、总是系着衬衫领扣的戴安娜·普林斯(Diana Prince),而是绽放出一个衣不蔽体的自我。She may not beusing her sexuality as a weapon (she has bracelets and a gold lasso for that),but it’s nonetheless making a statement.她或许并没有使用自己的性感作为武器(她的武器是手镯和金色的套索),但她的性感无疑是一种声明。Which raises thequestion, even accepting that she is an exaggerated character in an exaggeratedworld: Is that really the message we want to send about female empowerment toour daughters in an era when there are a number of fully clothed, notablypowerful female role models?就算只是把她当做一个夸张世界里的夸张角色,人们仍然会问:在这个时代,世界上有那么多着装整齐,异常强大的女性榜样角色,神奇女侠真的能代表我们希望告诉给女儿们的女性赋权信息吗?On the one hand,allowing girls to revel in their physicality and femininity is a good thing. 另一方面,让女孩们享受自己的身体与女性气质是件好事。I am not sayingthey should dress like nuns or adopt a pantsuits r us mentality. 我不是说她们都应该穿得像修女,或者从心态上成为只穿长裤套装的人。They should owntheir womanhood and all that is special and different about it. 她们应该掌控自己的女性身份,拥抱这种身份的特殊性和与众不同之处。You can argue thatrefusing to apologize for or hide your body under a sackcloth is a feministact.你可以辩称,拒绝为自己的身体而道歉,或者不愿把自己的身体隐藏在粗布衣之下可以是女权主义的行为。But most women, Iwould guess, would not choose to display their allure while wearing astar-spangled maillot and cape, which is to say an outfit that no one couldactually wear to work, unless she were working as the impersonator of a comicbook character.但是我猜大多数女人不会选择身穿星条旗图案的紧身泳衣和短斗篷来展示自己的魅力,也就是说,这是一套除了扮演漫画角色的模仿秀演员之外,没有人会穿着去工作的衣。Ms Carter isunapologetic about the look (I never felt objectified as Wonder Woman, though Ihave as Lynda Carter, she said in a recent phone call), but she acknowledgesthat, though she owns two classic costumes, she has not put one on since shehung up her cape in 1979.卡特不认为这个造型有什么不对(我饰演神奇女侠的时候从来不觉得自己被物化了,尽管身为琳达·卡特的时候我的确有这样的经历,前不久她在接受电话采访时说),但是她承认,尽管自己拥有两套经典戏装,自从她在1979年停止扮演这个角色之后就再也没穿过它们了。Pointedly, whenshe appears as the president on Supergirl this season (she will make her debutnext week), Ms Carter wears a long baby-blue jacket, skinny black trousers andpumps. 当她饰演总统,在本季的《女超人》中亮相时(下周她的角色就要初次登场了),卡特穿了一件粉蓝色长西装外套,黑色瘦腿裤和高跟鞋。Smart, strong,easy, comfortable, she said of the look, adding that she based it on HillaryClinton and the House minority leader, Nancy Pelosi.聪明、强悍、轻松,自如,她这样形容这个造型,并说这是按照希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)和众议院少数党领袖南希·佩洛西(Nancy Pelosi)的样子来设计的。 /201610/473176

Some 6 million Chinese are expected to travel abroad during the upcoming Spring Festival holidays, a record high for a weeklong holiday, according to a report by the online travel agency Ctrip.据在线旅行代理携程的一则报告显示,六百万国人有望在即将到来的春节期间出境旅游,这将创下春节黄金周的记录。;China#39;s Spring Festival holidays from January 27 to February 2 will be a global Golden Week, with an estimated 6 million Chinese traveling overseas,; the company said in a report sent to the Global Times last Tuesday.携程在上周二发给《环球时报》的一份报告中写道:“从1月27日到2月2日的中国春节将是全球黄金周。估计将有六百万国人出境旅游。”The 10 most popular destinations include Thailand, Japan, Singapore and South Korea, according to the report.据该报告称,最受欢迎的十大目的地包括泰国,日本,新加坡和韩国。Given the unstable political situation in South Korea and the deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system, Chinese enthusiasm for that country has cooled, Zhang Lingyun, director of the Tourism Development Academy at Beijing Union University, told the Global Times.北京联合大学旅游发展学院主任张凌云在接受《环球时报》采访时表示,由于韩国国内政治环境不稳定,以及终端高空区域防御(THAAD)系统的部署,中国人对韩国的热情已经冷却下来。However, the number of Chinese traveling to Southeast Asian countries, especially the Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia, is on the rise mainly due to low costs and geographical advantage.由于旅游费用低以及区域优势,到东南亚国家,尤其是菲律宾,越南和柬埔寨的中国人有所增加。Besides, bookings for farther destinations have peaked, with the US and Australia as the most popular.除此以外,距离更远的旅行地点的预约已经达到最高点,其中美国和澳大利亚最受欢迎。The cost of traveling to Thailand, the US and the Philippines is 5 to 15 percent higher than last year. However, it#39;s cheaper to travel to South Korea, Singapore and Italy, down 10-30 percent from the previous year, said the report.该报告指出,到泰国、美国和菲律宾旅行的花费比去年高5%-15%。而去韩国、新加坡和意大利旅行更便宜,比去年低10%-30%。This is mainly the result of market adjustments, according to Zhang. ;Prices remain a major factor to tourists. Besides South Korea, packages to Japan and Taiwan may also be reduced,; he explained.据张凌云主任称,这主要是市场调节的结果。他补充道:“对游客来说,价格依然是重要的因素。除了韩国外,去日本和台湾的套餐价格也有所降低。” /201612/485075

文章编辑: 管典范