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2020年01月23日 02:39:00来源:百度中文

一直以来人们都认为男人更擅长做体力活,使用一些笨重的工具,比如说锤子等。但是,研究表明,在某些需要使用锤子的时候,女性会更擅长一些。We might think women are not as adept as men at wielding heavy tools, like say, hammers, according to popular stereotypes.Turns out that women may have a leg up when it comes to hammering in certain situations. This was announced at the recent Experimental Biology annual meeting in Glasgow, Scotland.Scientists measured the accuracy and force of men and women's blows to a metal plate. They also tested their hammer style in rooms that were either brightly lit or pitch dark. (Glow-in-the-dark stickers marked the targets.)Indeed they found that men struck twice as hard as the women. But women were 25 percent more accurate than men in well-lit conditions. Surprisingly both sexes were better than expected at hammering in the dark, although men had an advantage, with about 10 percent higher accuracy.The researchers theorize that maybe men and women inherently use different strategies, putting more emphasis on either force or accuracy, respectively. But these are preliminary results. They intend to do further studies with larger sample sizes in different conditions.But for now that old stereotype might need to be retooled.注解:leg up n. (对上马或跨跃障碍时的)帮助turn out 结果是;明是07/76638。

  • America: Living Beyond Our Means Many homeowners knew they could not afford their houses.Now for the past decades, more Americans are/ never became homeowners for the first time. Many of them now find out couldn’t handle their responsibility of maintaining those homes and it turns out they may have known that going in as well. Investment // Warren Buffet offered this theory about how millions of Americans got in over their heads.Most people have/has fired their own home and I know somebody makes it very eased for you to do it by saying you don’t really have to put up any money or you know, we will give you 100 percent mortgage, you are gonna do it.Um, everybody looks for their American dream and they do their best to try to get back that dream and I know, for us, we thought we were gonna be ok.Today, Carrie and Mary Jamberb are far from ok. They are facing foreclosure on their dream home in New Jersey. Did you feel that you were getting in over your head? They can’t grab you hand and force you to sign in blind. (No, I don’t think it’s our fault.) If they really want to give you a mortgage, you’ll find someone to give you a mortgage.So just who is to blame for this on-going economic crisis, Walt Street or Main Street?I don’t feel it’s necessary to try to bail, to have to bail them out. They should be taken care of us, the people that they want. (Not everyone agree.) I love my home to foreclosure. I didn’t go to the government and go “Hey, listen. I am losing my home. I think you guys should bill me up. (L took out a loan foe a home she couldn’t afford and she knew it.) There was a little voice, little // voice going “don’t do this”. They value that money to high for value. I went ahead and did it anyway.Like many victims of the mortgage crisis, L do/does agree on one important point. (And have you told you son that there’s a chance that he may not be living in the place he’s been living in half his life.) I made a promise to my kids and they right now have a place to live in. But, how much longer? I want to be, get our ourselves back on our feet. We won’t be in this, uh, this situation or predigment ever again.Nearly 400,000 Americans facing foreclosure will give lifeline after countrywide financial reached an 8 billion-dollar settlement with 11 states to help those home owners to rework their mortgages. You know, there are so many more suffering. So, interesting when she said that Jimmies // a voice in my head said “don’t do it, don’t’ do it.”…200810/53415。
  • Private businesses are being encouraged to assume a greater role in development efforts as part of the Obama administration's agricultural development initiative.Food prices are at record highs, and experts are sounding alarms about the potential for civil unrest. The Obama administration has made improving developing world food security an important foreign policy goal. 粮食价格达到创纪录高位,专家们发出关于可能发生社会动乱的警告。奥巴马政府把改善发展中国家粮食安全作为一项重要外交政策目标。But rather than relying solely on governments and civil society groups as in the past, the administration is highlighting the role the profit motive can play in economic development.Mozambique's poultry boomAt a recent congressional briefing, the growth of Mozambique's poultry industry was cited as one example. Until recently, domestic poultry farmers were unable to compete with imports. 莫桑比克饲养业主德雷克.艾克谢维尔说,本土肉禽业一直不能跟进口产品竞争,部分原因是业者们的家禽饲养方法。Mozambican poultry farmer Derek Xavier says part of the reason was the way farmers raised their birds. "We just used to have them at home," he says. "We had no medication, no vaccination. And obviously, with no good treatment, the chickens are always thin, and no good meat."他说:“我们以前只是在家饲养。没有药,没有疫苗。显而易见,饲养方法不好,鸡就很瘦,肉质不好。”It did not help that foreign producers were using Mozambique as a market of last resort to dump nearly spoiled chicken.外国生产商把莫桑比克作为最后的市场来倾销肉鸡,也无助于提高本地产品的竞争力。201102/126366。
  • Barack Obama's Middle East policy巴拉克.奥巴马的中东政策From Oslo to Benghazi从奥斯陆到班加西A Nobel prizewinner’s voyage of discovery 一个诺贝尔和平奖获得者的发现之旅WHEN he collected his Nobel peace prize from Oslo in December , Barack Obama acknowledged the oddity of receiving such an honour while commanding the American-led wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. He also made it plain that the use of force might be justified on humanitarian grounds—as, in his view, it had been in the Balkans in the 1990s. To that extent, at least, he had prepared the ground for Libya. It has nonetheless come as a shock to many Americans to find themselves plunged so abruptly into a new war in an Arab country. How did that peaceable Mr Obama get them into this? 年12月,贝拉克奥巴马在奥斯陆领取诺贝尔和平奖时承认,他在指挥着美国领导的在伊拉克和阿富汗的战争之时,获得这样一项荣誉比较奇怪。他还坦言,在人道主义立场下使用武力可能是正义的,比如,在他看来,20世纪90年代在巴尔干半岛使用武力就是如此。至少在那种程度下,他已经对在利比亚的立场埋下了伏笔。但是,许多美国人对迅速投入到对一个阿拉伯国家的战争中感到吃惊。温和的奥巴马怎么会把他们卷到这种状况?From the very beginning of his presidency Mr Obama had little choice but to run an active policy in the Middle East. He needed to extricate American forces from Iraq (the better to prosecute the war in Afghanistan); he faced the continuing challenge of Iran’s suspected nuclear-weapons programme; he had to carry on the fight against al-Qaeda; and, like many presidents, he inherited an explosive stalemate in Palestine. But to these pressing practical demands he added a broader aspiration: repairing the damage done by George Bush’s reaction to the attacks of September 11th 2001 on America’s relations with the Muslim world, especially with the Arabs. 从奥巴马担任总统的那一刻起,他就没有什么选择,只能在中东推行积极的政策。他需要从伊拉克撤出美军(比继续进行在阿富汗的战争要好);他面临着怀疑伊朗在实施核武器项目的持续挑战;他不得不展开对基地组织的打击;跟许多总统一样,他也接手了在巴勒斯坦的火药味十足的僵局。但是,在这些迫切的实际要求之外,他添加了一个更广泛的愿望:修补美国与穆斯林世界尤其是阿拉伯国家的关系,这些外交关系由于乔治布什对2001年“911”袭击的强烈反应而遭到破坏。In June Mr Obama gave voice to the aspiration in a speech in Cairo, where he was the guest of the then dictator, Hosni Mubarak. He told his eager audience that he was seeking “a new beginning” based on “mutual interest and mutual respect”. He also spoke at length about democracy, and the controversy generated by America’s push for it in the wake of the Iraq war. Mr Obama’s argument was that “no system of government can or should be imposed upon one nation by any other”. America did not presume to know what was best for everyone. But that did not lessen his commitment “to governments that reflect the will of the people”. 年6月,奥巴马在开罗的一篇演讲中表达了上述愿望。在那里,他是当时的独裁者胡斯尼穆巴拉克的贵宾,他对热切的听众说,他在谋求一种建立在“共同利益和相互尊重”之上的“新的开端”。他还用较大篇幅谈论民主,以及在伊拉克战争后美国推动民主所引发的争议。奥巴马的观点是,“没有那种治国体制可以由一个国家强加给另外一个国家”。美国没有认为自己知道什么体制对每个人来说都是最好的,但是这也没有弱化他对“体现人民意志的政府”的承诺。201104/132964。
  • 苏丹总统巴希尔目前在邻国厄立特里亚。自从国际法院以巴希尔在达尔富尔的战争罪名签发针对他的逮捕令之后,这是他首次出国访问。自从2003年以来,巴希尔的政府一直在达尔富尔与反政府武装分子作战。按照预定日程,巴希尔本月底将在卡塔尔出席一个阿拉伯峰会。苏丹最高宗教权威机构考虑到国际刑事法院的逮捕令,敦促巴希尔不要与会。厄立特里亚和卡塔尔都没有签署《罗马规约》,因此不大可能逮捕巴希尔。国际刑事法院是依照《罗马规约》建立的。For his first trip abroad with an international arrest warrant on his head, President Omar al-Bashir chose another country that has long maintained a defiant posture towards western countries.Eritrea's relations with the international community have deteriorated in recent years amid President Isaias Afwerki's refusal to cooperate in a border dispute with Ethiopia. Like Sudan, the Eritrean regime has come under harsh criticism from Western human rights groups for repressive policies. Shortly after the ICC warrant was issued earlier this month, Eritrea invited President Bashir to the country in a show of solidarity.The court has urged all countries, including those like Eritrea that have not signed up to the ICC's Rome Statute, to arrest President Bashir if the opportunity arises. Sudan did not provide advance notice of the trip and offered few details. But Issaka Souaré, a legal researcher at South Africa's Institute for Security Studies in South Africa said there was little risk involved in the visit."Eritrea is not a state party to the Rome Statute," said Issaka Souaré. "There is nothing binding in the Rome Statute on non-signatories to apprehend someone against whom there is an arrest warrant. Given that he was officially invited by the president of Eritrea and given that Eritrea is not a state party, one could argue that there is no risk at all on President al-Bashir."More discussion has been generated by President Bashir's planned visit to Qatar at the end of the month to attend an Arab League summit. Most members of the League, including Qatar, are not members of the ICC, and the group has called for the arrest warrant to be removed.But the trip to Qatar would involve flying over international airspace, and the possibility that President Bashir's flight could be intercepted. Sudan's Committee of Islamic Scholars has urged the president not to attend, for fear of his safety, providing Mr. Bashir a possible way of saving face while backing out of the trip.But Souare downplays the threat the president would face."I think they may be exaggerating arguing that his plane might be intercepted," he said. "What do they fear? Someone bombing the plane or trying to down the plane in some other way? Given that Qatar is not a state party and that Qatar has invited the Sudanese president, and he would very likely be using his personal jet, I see no risk at all in him traveling there."The Arab League's secretary general, Amr Moussa, has said President Bashir will not be arrested if he attends the summit. 03/65617。
  • A resurgent Republican Party is basking in the afterglow of its best midterm electoral showing in 16 years. Republicans scored a huge majority in the U.S. House of Representatives, pared the Democratic majority in the Senate, and captured a slew of governorships across the nation.美国共和党16年来最好的一次中期选举结果让他们备受鼓舞。共和党在众议院以巨大优势赢得多数,削弱了民主党在参议院的多数派势力,并夺取了全国各地大量的州长职位。Two years after American voters gave Democrats the White House and the party's biggest legislative majorities in a generation, they forcefully reversed course and handed a significant chunk of power back to Republicans. With the nation mired in economic doldrums, high unemployment, and soaring national debt, an angry and anxious electorate dealt Democrats a stern rebuke.两年前,美国选民一手帮助民主党人入主白宫,并使他们获得20多年以来在立法机构中多数党优势最为显著的一次胜利。如今他们奋力扭转了这一格局,把相当大的一部分权力重新交回共和党人手中。随着全国经济陷入低迷、失业率居高不下以及国债不断飙升,愤怒和焦虑的选民们对民主党人给予严苛的责难。House Republican Leader John Boehner is expected to become the chamber's next speaker -- and the man President Barack Obama will have to work with to get legislation passed beginning next year. Addressing jubilant supporters, Boehner took stock of America's new governing reality. 众议院共和党领袖纳预期将成为众议院下一任议长,也是奥巴马总统自明年伊始推动立法通过时不得不与之合作的人物。纳在对欢欣鼓舞的持者们发表讲话时,审视了美国新的执政现实。"While our new majority will serve as your voice in our people's house, we must remember, it's the president who sets the agenda for our government," Boehner said. "The American people have sent an unmistakable message to him tonight, and that message is, 'change course.'"纳说:“在属于全美国人民的众议院中,我们作为新的多数派将代表你们的声音。同时,我们也必须铭记,设定政府议程的人是总统。全美国人民今晚已经向他发出了明确无误的讯息。这个讯息就是:改变现有的政策方向。”Republicans will have a commanding House majority of well over 40 seats.共和党人将在众议院掌握远远超过40个席位的绝对优势。201011/117294。
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