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马来食螺龟好养吗价格收藏推荐光明报云阳县靴脚陆龟咸水泥彩龟安哥洛卡象龟凹甲陆龟红腿象龟价格怎么养

2019年06月25日 22:53:49    日报  参与评论()人

扁头长颈龟喂养养殖指南苏卡达象乌龟多少钱一只Summer Vacation,Summer Vacation范文 --19 :19:1 来源: Summer Vacation 英语作文网为您收集 It is summer vacation and school is out. During summer vacation, most children stay home, watch TV and play with their friends. Some take part in a neighborhood sports program and some go camping. A camp is summer vacation place children. They can go swimming, mountain climbing or boating. Now, there are computer camps. At this camp, children learn how to use computers, which is very important today. Most children enjoy playing computer games. At the computer camps, they can learn more about computers and make friends easily. If you don't have a plan yet your vacation, a computer camp should be   Summer Vacation 英语作文网为您收集嵊泗县马来食螺龟云南闭壳龟马来西亚巨龟豹斑象龟黄额盒龟价格怎么养 小学英语论文 --19 :19:36 来源: 小学英语论文 "地球村"这一概念,体现了科技进步正在把大世界变为小村寨,也反映了世界经济相融相济的趋势随着世界经济的"全球化",教育所表现的"国际化"和文化发展的"世界化"现象也令人瞩目实现"一村""三化"新概念的基础是成功的语言交流与沟通,普及外语教育、鼓励外语学习、提高外语教学质量是很多国家促进经济发展的一个重要战略据专家说如果非英语国家的人3--7岁开始学英语,并不中断学习,到成年时,他们的英语可希望接近以英语为母语的人的英语水平;若8--岁开始学英语,则有一定的差距;若岁以后开始学英语,则会有明显差距正是基于这样的共识--学英语宜从儿童时代开始《国家英语课程标准中指出,基础教育阶段英语课程的任务是:激发和培养学生学习英语的兴趣,使学生树立自信心;养成良好的学习习惯和形成有效的学习策略,发展自主学习的能力和合作精神;使学生掌握一定的英语基础知识和听、说、读、写技能,形成一定的综合能力;培养学生的观察、记忆、思维、想象能力和创新精神;帮助学生了解世界和中西方文化的差异,拓展视野,培养爱国主义精神,形成健康的人生观,为他们的终身学习和发展打下良好的基础一、突出语言运用能力的培养英语是一门工具性学科学习语言的目的是为了运用语言进行交际,交际就是运用语言去做事情,去完成有实际目的的任务就英语教学而言,就是通过听、说、读、写等的训练,使学生形成运用英语的能力,从而很好掌握教材中的话题和内容都与学生生活密切相关,符合小学生的年龄特点,语言情景真实、自然,语言本身鲜活、实用 二、注重学习兴趣的培养 学习兴趣的培养是教材教学目的的第一句话爱因斯坦曾经说过:"兴趣是最好的老师"对小学生来说,他们有极为强烈的好奇心和求知欲,这是促使他们认识新事物、获取新知识的强大动力让他们学习英语,不能让他们感到是一种负担,要培养他们的学习乐趣小学低年级英语教学,应设计丰富多的课堂活动来培养他们学习的热情,调动每一位学生的学习积极性,使他们在玩中学、做中学、画中学、唱中学小学生好胜心强,教学设计应具有挑战性,教学活动的开展应可培养学生的竞争意识,同时也能培养他们的成功感并树立必胜的信心反之,如果对英语没有兴趣,他们是学不好英语的经过一学期的英语学习,从一窍不通到初步入门,可以说对英语已经产生浓厚的兴趣,为了使他们能始终保持高涨的学习情趣,教师要加倍努力,让学生通过听听、说说、做做、摸摸、唱唱、玩玩、演演等方式来学习,用亲切的微笑、眼神、语言以及游戏、比赛等鼓励学生积极参与、大胆表达,使学生在宽松、民主、愉快的气氛中发展听、说、读、写的综合语言技能,不断体验到成功的快乐 三、体现整体语言教学思想在英语教学的起始阶段,应尽可能地弱化语法教学,强调语言结构的整体性和表意性,尽量避免繁杂的语法结构的分析和词汇教学的无限扩展,以降低语言学习难度、减轻学生负担小学生对英语课的兴趣大部分原因就是因为英语课不象其他课那样单一纯粹上英语课不光学了英语,还学了唱歌、跳舞,手工制作,甚至于数学、地理等英语教学应强调个性化教学,要求教师寻求不同途径,学生的个人特点进行教学,因材施教,分层进行,注意启发式教学,引导学生参与,不拘泥于某一种教学模式和教学组织形式鼓励学生在生活中用英语 小学一、三年级的教材教学内容丰富有趣,贴近学生生活实际选择了大量这个年龄层次的孩子生活中经常会遇到的事物,如上学、生日聚会、交朋友等,且语言的呈现方式也是孩子们所喜欢的歌曲、韵句、故事、卡通人物的表演等重视语言学习的实用性、功效性和教育性,使孩子们学了就能用,让他们感觉到英语的实用价值,才能促使他们进一步的努力学习教材的特点使得教师不得不从各个方面来锻炼提高自己,去做一个多面的教师--要会说、会唱、会跳、会演,还要了解和掌握一定的英语文化背景知识在教学生的同时,自己也必须不断地参与学习,和学生们一起学教师的角色被定位于学生语言学习的合作者,参与者,鼓励者和引导者 《小学英语课程教学基本要求中明确讲到:小学英语教学评价的目的是激励学生的学习兴趣和积极性评价形式应具有多样性和可选择性评价应以形成性评价为主,以学生平时参与各种英语教学活动所表现出的兴趣、态度和交流能力等为主要依据教师应具?;镜"意识显微镜意识要求教师细微地去观察和了解每一位学生;放大镜意识要求教师放大每一位学生的优点;望远镜意识要求教师能够看到每一位学生发展的可能和潜能;平面镜意识要求教师做到客观公正要做到客观地把握学生层次,必须深入地了解学生、研究学生学生,是教学活动的主体,由于其能力、兴趣、学习方式的差异,他们接受信息的能力也会有所不同而且由于学生在身心发展方面的特点,往往不少有潜力的学生或朦胧状态或由于种种原因缺乏良好的心理素质,对学生的层次单纯地以学习成绩机械地分类是不太科学的应以学生进行全面的动态的考察来决定学生所处的层次,就好象在给学生的作业打分时,我们不能一味地看学生作业的好坏,而应根据其进步与否来正确看待如果我们始终用看待伤口时的眼光来看较低层次水平的学生作品,那么肯定是没有一件作品是令人满意,教师应根据学生的不同层次,及时褒扬,要知道哪怕教师的一句赞扬,也会给学生带来巨大的动力教师在教学评价上要重态度、重参与、重努力程度、重交流能力My favourite animal -- :56: 来源: My favourite animal I like animals very much, such as horses,monkeys, cats, tigers and so on. But I like dogs best. Why? Because they are very cute and nice. I have a white dog. Its name is Bobo. She is a female dog.She comes from Beijing,China.She wears white clothes and she has two big eyes and a small month.She often walks round and round at home.It has nothing to do.She likes eating ice-cream so much.So do I.When I eat ice-cream,she will look at the ice-cream carefully,So I will give her some to eat.I think Bobo is the cutest dog in the world.亚达伯拉象龟好养吗价格收藏推荐

通州市苏卡达象龟地龟刺山龟麝香龟欧洲陆龟日本石龟哈米顿氏龟价格怎么养故宫英文导游词 -- ::00 来源: 故宫英文导游词故宫又称紫禁城,是现今中国保存最好最大的皇宫故宫建于公元年,明朝永乐年间,花了年才建成真正住在故宫的第一位统治者是明朝的朱棣(in front of the meridian gate)ladies and gentlemen:i am pleased to serve as your guide today.this is the palace museum; also know as the purple bidden city. it is the largest and most well reserved imperial residence in china today. under ming emperor yongle, construction began in . it took years to build the bidden city. the first ruler who actually lived here was ming emperor zhudi. five centuries thereafter, it continued to be the residence of3 successive emperors until 19 when qing emperor puyi was ced to abdicate the throne. in 1987, the ed nations educational, scientific and cultural organization recognized the bidden city was a world cultural legacy.it is believed that the palace museum, or zi jin cheng (purple bidden city), got its name from astronomy folklore, the ancient astronomers divided the constellations into groups and centered them around the ziwei yuan (north star) . the constellation containing the north star was called the constellation of heavenly god and star itself was called the purple palace. because the emperor was supposedly the son of the heavenly gods, his central and dominant position would be further highlighted the use of the word purple in the name of his residence. in folklore, the term “an eastern purple cloud is drifting” became a metaphor auspicious events after a purple cloud was seen drifting eastward immediately bee the arrival of an ancient philosopher, laozi, to the hanghu pass. here, purple is associated with auspicious developments. the word jin (bidden) is self-explanatory as the imperial palace was heavily guarded and off-explanatory as the imperial palace was heavily guarded and off-limits to ordinary people.the red and yellow used on the palace walls and roofs are also symbolic. red represents happiness, good tune and wealth. yellow is the color of the earth on the loess plateau, the original home of the chinese people. yellow became an imperial color during the tang dynasty, when only members of the royal family were allowed to wear it and use it in their architectur.the bidden city is rectangular in shape. it is 960 meters long from north to south and 750 meter wide from east west. it has 9,900 rooms under a total roof area 0,000 square meters. a 5-meter-wide-moat encircles a 9. 9-meter—high wall which encloses the complex. octagon —shaped turrets rest on the four corners of the wall. there are four entrances into the city: the meridian gate to the south, the shenwu gate (gate of military prowess) to the north, and the xihua gate (gate of military prowess) to the north, and the xihua gate (western flowery gate ) to the west, the donghua (eastern flowery gate) to the east.manpower and materials throughout the country were used to build the bidden city. a total of 30,000 artisans and one million laborers were employed. marble was quarried from fangshan country mount pan in jixian county in hebei province. granite was quarried in quyang county in hebei province. paving blocks were fired in kilns in suzhou in southern china. bricks and scarlet pigmentation used on the palatial walls came from linqing in shandong province. timber was cut, processed and hauled from the northwestern and southern regions. the structure in front of us is the meridian gate. it is the main entrance to the bidden city. it is also knows as wufenglou (five-phoenix tower). ming emperors held lavish banquets here on the th day of the first month of the chinese lunar year in honor of their counties. they also used this place punishing officials by flogging them with sticks.qing emperors used this building to announce the beginning of the new year. qing emperor qianlong changed the original name of this announcement ceremony from ban li (announcement of calendar) to ban shou (announcement of new moon) to avoid coincidental association with another emperor's name, hongli, which was considered a taboo at that time. qing dynasty emperors also used this place to hold audience and other important ceremonies. example, when the imperial army returned victoriously from the battlefield, it was here that the emperor presided over the ceremony to accept prisoners of war.(after entering the meridian gate and standing in front of the five marble bridges on golden water river)now we are inside the bidden city. bee we start our tour, i would like to briefly introduce you to the architectural patterns bee us. to complete this solemn, magnificent and palatial complex, a variety of buildings were arranged on a north-south axis, and 8-kilometer-long invisible line that has become an inseparable part of the city of beijing. the bidden city covers roughly one –third of this central axis. most of the important buildings in the bidden city were arranged along this line. the design and arrangement of the palaces reflect the solemn dignity of the royal court and rigidly –stratified feudal system.the bidden city is divided into an outer and an inner count. we are now standing on the southernmost part of the outer count. in front of us lies the gate of supreme harmony. the gate is guarded by a pair of bronze lions, symbolizing imperial power and dignity. the lions were the most exquisite and biggest of its kind. the one on the east playing with a ball is a male, and ball is said to represent state y. the other one is a female. underneath one of its e claws is a cub that is considered to be a symbol of perpetual imperial succession. the winding brook bee us is the golden water river. it functions both as decoration and fire control. the five bridges spanning the river represent the five virtues preached by confucius: benevolence, righteousness, rites, intelligence and fidelity. the river takes the shape of a bow and the north-south axis is its arrow. this was meant to show that the emperors ruled the country on behalf of god. (in front of the gate of supreme harmony)the bidden city consists of an outer courtyard and an inner enclosure. the out count yard covers a vast space lying between the meridian gate and the gate of heavenly purity. the “three big halls” of supreme harmony, complete harmony and preserving harmony constitute the center of this building group. flanking them in bilateral symmetry are two groups of palaces: wenhua (prominent scholars) and wuying (brave warriors). the three great halls are built on a spacious “h”-shaped, 8-meter-high, triple marble terrace, each level of the triple terrace is taller than the on below and all are encircled by marble balustrades carved with dragon and phoenix designs. there are three carved stone staircases linking the three architectures. the hall of supreme harmony is also the tallest and most exquisite ancient wooden-structured mansion in all of china. from the palace of heavenly purity northward is what is known as the inner court, which is also built in bilaterally symmetrical patterns. in the center are the palace of heavenly purity, the hall of union and peace and palace of earthly tranquility, a place where the emperors lived with their families and attended to state affairs. flanking these structures are palaces and halls in which concubines and princes lived. there are also three botanical gardens within the inner count, namely, the imperial garden, caning garden and quailing garden. an inner golden water river flows eastwardly within the inner court. the brook winds through three minor halls or palaces and leads out of the bidden city. it is spanned by the white jade bridge. the river is lined with winding, marble –carved balustrades. most of the structures within the bidden city have yellow glazed tile roofs.aside from giving prominence to the north-south axis, other architectural methods were applied to make every group of palatial structures unique in terms of terraces, roofs, mythical monsters perching on the roofs and colored, drawing patterns. with these, the grand contour and different hierarchic spectrum of the complex were strengthened. folklore has it that there are altogether 9,999 room-s in the bidden city. since paradise only has ,000 rooms, the son of heaven on earth cut the number by half a room. it is also rumoured that this half –room is located to the west of the wenyuange pavilion (imperial library) . as a matter of fact, although the bidden city has more than 9,000 room-s, this half-room is nonexistent. the wenyuange pavilion is a library where “si ku quan shu”- china's first comprehensive anthology-was stored.(after walking past the gate of supreme harmony)ladies and gentlemen, the great hall we are approaching is the hall of supreme harmony, the biggest and tallest of its king in the bidden city. this structure covers a total building space of ,377 square meters, and is know its upturned, multiple counterpart eaves. the hall of supreme harmony sits on a triple “h”-shaped marble terrace is 8 meters high and linked by staircases. the staircase on the ground floor has 1 steps while the middle and upper stairways each have 9.the construction of the hall of supreme harmony began in . it burned down three times and was severely damaged once during a mutiny. the existing architecture was built during the qing dynasty. on the corners of the eaves a line of animal-nails were usually fastened to the tiles. these animal-nails were later replace with mythical animals to ward off evil spirits. there are altogether 9 such fasteners on top of this hall. the number nine was regarded by the ancients to be the largest numeral accessible to man and to which only the emperors were entitled.there was a total of successive emperors during the ming and qing dynasties who were enthroned here. the ball was also used ceremonies which marked other great occasions: the winter solstice, the chinese lunar new year, the emperor's birthday, conferral of the title of empress, the announcement of new laws and policies, and dispatches of generals to war. on such occasions, the emperor would hold audience his court officials and receive their tributes. this area is called the hall of supreme harmony square, which covers a total of 30,000 square meters, without a single tree or plant growing here, this place inspires visitors to feel its solemnity and grandeur. in the middle of the square there is a carriageway that was reserved the emperor. on both sides of the road the ground bricks were laid in a special way seven layers lengthwise and eight layers crosswise, making up fifteen layers in all. the purpose of this was to prevent anyone from tunneling his way into the palace. in the count yard there are iron vats storing water to fight fires. in the whole complex there are altogether 3 water vats. in wintertime, charcoal was burned underneath the vats to keep the water from freezing. why so vast a square? it was designed to impress people with the hall's grandeur and vastness. imagine the following scene. under the clear blue sky, the yellow glazed tiles shimmered as the cloud-like layers of terrace, coupled with the curling veil of burning incense, transmed the hall of supreme harmony into a fairyland. whenever major ceremonies were held, the glazed, crane-shaped candleholders inside the hall would be it, and incense and pine branches burnt in front of the hall. when the emperor appeared, drums were beaten and musical instrument played. civilian officials and generals would kneel know in submission.the last qing emperor puyi assumed the throne in 19, at the age of three, his father carried him to the throne. at the start of the coronation, the sudden drum-beating and loud music caught the young emperor unprepared. he was so scared that he kept crying and shouting, “i don't want to stay here. i want to go home.” his father tried to soothe him, saying, “it'll all soon be finished. it'll all soon be finished” the ministers present at the event considered this incident inauspicious. coincidentally, the qing dynasty collapsed three years later and there with concluded china’s feudal system that had lasted more than ,000 years.(on the stone terrace of the hall of supreme harmony)this is a bronze incense burner. in it incense made of sandalwood would be burnt on important occasions. there are altogether 18 incense burners, representing all of the provinces under the rule of the sing monarchs. on either side of the hall, bronze water-filled vats were placed in case of fire. next to the terrace on either side, there is a bronze crane and tortoise, symbols of longevity. this copper-cast grain measure is called “jialiang.” it served as the national standard during the qing dynasty. it was meant to show that the imperial ruler were just and open to rectification. on the other side there is a stone sundial, an ancient timepiece. the jialiang and the sundial were probably meant to show what the emperor represented: that he was the only person who should possess the standards of both measure and time.in the very efront of the hall of supreme harmony, there are scarlet, round pillars supporting the roof. the hall is 63 meters from east to west and 37 meters from north to south. it is 35 meters in height. in front of this architecture, there stands a triple terrace with five staircases leading up to the main entrance. it has 0 gold doors and gold-key windows with colored drawings on the pillars and beams. in the middle of the hall, a throne carved with 9 dragons sits on a -meter-high platm. behind the throne there is a golden screen and in front of it, there is an imperial desk. the flanks are decorated with elephants, luduan (a legendary beast), cranes, and incense barrels. the elephant carries a vase on its back that holds five cereals (i. e. rice, two kinds of millet, wheat and beans), which was considered a symbol of prosperity. as ancient legend has it that luduan can travel 18,000 li (9,000 kilometers ) in one day and knows all languages and dialects. only to a wise adjust monarch will this beast be a guardian. the hall of supreme harmony is also popularly known as jinluan dian (gold bell hall or the throne hall). the floor of the hall is laid with bricks that turn it into a smooth, fine surface as if water has been sprinkled on it. the so-called golden brick, in fact, has nothing to do with gold. reserved exclusively the construction of the royal court, it was made in a secretive, and complex way, and, when struck, sounds like the clink of a gold bar. each brick was worth the market price of one dan (or one hectoliter) of rice.the hall is supported by a total of 7 thick pillars. of these, 6 are carved in dragon patterns and painted with gold and surround the throne. above the very center of this hall there is a zaojing, or covered ceiling, which is one of the specialities of china's ancient architecture. in the middle of the ceiling is a design of a dragon playing with a ball inlaid with peals. this copper ball, hollow inside and covered with mercury, is known as the xuanyuan mirror and is thought to be made xuanyuan, a legendary monarch dating back to remote antiquity. the placing of the caisson above the throne is meant to suggest that all of china's successive emperors are zuanyuan's descendants and hereditary heirs. now you might have noticed that the xuanyuan mirror is not directly above the throne. why? it is rumored that yuan shikai, a self-acclaimed warlord-turned emperor moved the throne further back because he was afraid that the mirror might fall on him. in 19 when yuan shikai became emperor, he removed the original throne with a western-style , high-back chair. after the foundation of the people's republic of china in 199 the throne was found in a shabby furniture warehouse. it repaired and returned to the hall.(leading the tourist to the bronze vats either on the east or the west)the water vats in front of the palaces or house were called “menhai,” or sea bee the door by the ancient chinese. they believed that with a sea by the door, fire could not wreak havoc. the vats served both as a decoration and as a fire extinguisher. they were kept full of water all year round.during the qing dynasty, they were altogether 3 vats in the palace enclosure. they were made of gilt bronze or iron. of course, the gilt bronze vats were of the best quality. when the allied ces (britain, germany, france, russia, the ed states, italy, japan and austria) invaded beijing in 1900 under the pretext of suppressing the boxer rebellion, the invaders ransacked the imperial compound and scraped and gold off the vats with their bayonets. during the japanese occupation of beijing, many vats were trucked away by the japanese to be made into bullets.(in front of the hall of complete harmony)the square architecture bee us is called the hall of complete harmony. it served as an antechamber. the emperor came here to meet with his countiers and add his final touches to the prayers which would be at the ancestral temple. the seeds, snowers and prayer intended spring sowing were also examined here. the two qing sedan chairs here on display were used traveling within the palace during the reign of emperor qianlong. (in front of the hall f preserving harmony)this is the hall of preserving harmony. during the qing dynasty, banquets were held here on new year's eve in honour of mongolian and northwestern china's xingjiang princes and ranking officials. the emperor also dinned here with his new son-in-law on the wedding day. imperial examinations were also held here once every three years. during the ming and qing dynasties, there were three levels of exams: the county and prefectural level, the provincial level and national level. the national exam was presided over by the emperor. the civil service exam in ancient china started during the han dynasty. it served the purpose of recruiting confucian scholars to the ministers and high officials. during the tang and qing dynasties reinstituted and ancient system. once every three years, three hundred scholars from all over the country came to beijing and took exams three day and night. this system was abolished in 19.(behind the hall of preserving harmony)this is the largest stone carving in the palace. it is . 73 meters long, 3. meters wide and 1. 7 meters thick. it weighs about 0 tons. the block was quarried in fangshan county, roughly 70 kilometers away. to transport such a huge block to beijing, laborers dug wells along the roadside half a kilometer apart, and used the groundwater to make a road of ice in the winter. rolling blocks were used in the summer. in 60, emperor qianlong of the qing dynasty ordered the carving of the existing cloud and dragon design in place of the old one which dated back to the ming dynasty.note : from here, the tour can be conducted via three different routes: a western route (route a), a central route (route b) or an eastern route (route c) . the commentary each follows.route aladies and gentlemen:you have seen the three main halls of the bidden city. now i 'd like to show you around the hall of mental cultivation and the imperial garden. the hall of mental cultivation is situated is in the western part of the innermost enclosure and is symmetrical to fengxian (enshrinement of ebears) hall in the east. this hall was built during the ming dynasty. it is a h-shaped structure consisting of an antechamber and a main building. the hall is surrounded by corridors. in front of the hall is the office of privy council.bee emperor kangxi of qing the dynasty came to power the hall of heavenly purity served as the living quarter of the emperors. emperor yongzheng chose to live in this hall and attended to every day state affairs from here. the sake of protecting cultural relics, this hall is not open to the public. you can have a look at the inside from the door. the central hall was the audience chamber where the emperor memorials, granted audience to officials and summoned his minsters consultation. the western chamber of the hall was where the emperor reports and discussed military and political affairs. the hall consists of many inner rooms and is decorated with images of buddha and miniature pagodas. on the screen wall there hangs a picture of two emperors in the han costume. in a southern room there three rare calligraphic scrolls, hence the name of the room “sanxitang” (room of three rare treasures) . the room on the eastern side is of historical interest because it was here that empress dowager cixi usurped power and made decisions on behalf of the young emperor. a bamboo curtain was used to separate them. empress dowage cixi was born in 1835 in lu'an prefecture of shanxi province. she's of manchurian nationality and her father was a provincial governor from south china. when she was years old, she was selected to become a concubine of emperor xianfeng and moved into the bidden city. she gave birth to a son when she was 1years old and was made a concubine the following year. when the emperor passed away in the summer of 1861, her son ascended the throne and title of cixi, meaning “holy mother” was conferred upon her and she became the empress dowager. in that same year empress dowager cixi carried out a count coup d'etat and ruled behind the scenes with another empress dowager, ci'an, 8 years. she passed away in 19 at the age of 73. it was in reference to this situation that the term “attending to state affairs behind a bamboo curtain” developed. in 19, empress dowager longyu declared the abdication of the last qing emperor puyi. they were allowed to remain in the bidden city the next years. the royal family was ced to move out permanently in 19.behind the central hall were the living accommodation of 8 successive qing emperors. three of them actually passed away here. the side rooms flanking the hall were reserved empresses and concubines. now let's continue with our tour. it will take us to the hall of heavenly purity, the hall of union and peace, the palace of earthly tranquility, and the imperial garden.route b(inside the hall of heavenly purity)ladies and gentlemen:we are now entering the inner court. from the gate of heavenly purity northward lies the inner court where the emperors and empresses once lived. the hall of heavenly purity is the central hall of the inner court, and was completed during the reign of emperor yongle of the ming dynasty. there are pillars supporting the entire structure and the hall is meters in height. in the center of the hall there is a throne. above it hangs a plaque with an inscription that s “be open and above-board,” written by shenzhi, the first emperor of the qing dynasty. beginning with qianlong's reign, the name of the successor to the throne was not publicly announced. instead, it was written on two pieces of paper, one to be kept on the emperor's person throughout his reign, and the other placed in a small strongbox that was stored behind his plaque. the box was opened only after the emperor passed away. altogether there where emperors who ascended the throne in this way, namely qianlong, jiaqing, daoguang and xian feng.the hall of heavenly purity was where the emperors lived during the ming and qing dynasties. according to tradition, extravagant annual banquets were held here on new year's eve in honour of royal family members. eign ambassadors were received here during the late-qing period. two important “one thousand old men's feasts” of the qing dynasty were also held here. all the invitees had to be at least 65 years of age. this hall was also used mourning services. (inside the palace of union and peace)this hall sits between the hall of heavenly purity and the palace of earthly tranquility, symbolizing the union of heaven and earth, as well as national peace. it was first built in and reconstructed in 98. the hall is square in shape, and is smaller than the hall of complete harmony. you will see a plaque here inscribed with two chinese characters, wu wei, which were handwritten by emperor qianlong. a throne sits in the middle of the hall with a screen behind it. above the throne there hangs a caisson, or covered ceiling. the emperor held birthday celebrations and other major events here.in 8 during emperor qianlong's reign, 5 jade seals representing imperial authority were kept in this hall. no seals were allowed out of the room without the prior consent of the emperor. on each flack there is a water clock and a chiming clock.(inside the palace of earthly tranquility)this used to be the central hall where successive ming empresses lived. during the qing dynasty, it was converted into a place where sacrifices and wedding ceremonies were held. the room on the western side was used sacrifices and the room on the east was the seeding chamber.route cladies and gentlemen:you have seen the three main halls of the bidden city. now i'd like to show you around scenes of interest along the eastern route. the first is the treasure hall. this mansion is called the hall of imperial zenith. this is where sing emperor quailing lived after abdication. nearly 1,000 artifacts and treasures are on display here, among which the golden hair tower is one of the most famous. this tower is 1. 53meters in height and its base is 0.53 meters in circumference. it was built under the order of emperor quailing to be used to collect fallen hair in commemoration of his mother. there is also a “day harnessing water jade hill” on display here. yu was a legendary monarch of the remote ixia dynasty. under his leadership, the people learned how to harness the yellow river. this jade assemblage, centimeters in height and 5 tons in weight, is the largest jade artwork in china. this mat was woven with peeled ivory. these artifacts are among china's rarest treasures. (in front of the nine-dragon screen)this is the nine-dragon relief screen. erected in 73,it is 3.5 meters in height and 9. meters in width. underneath is a foundation made of marble. the surface of the screen is laid with a total of 70 colored, glazed tiles in the design of 9 dragons, some rocky mountains, clouds and the sea. it was meant to ward off evil spirits the ancient chinese regarded 9 dragons, some rocky mountains, clouds and the sea. it was meant to ward off evil spirits. the ancient chinese regarded 9 as the largest numeral and the dragon as a auspicious beast. the 9 dragons are different in color and posture and all are made of glazed tiles. interestingly a piece of the third dragon from the left is made of wood. it is believe that when the nine-dragon screen was almost finished, a piece of glazed tile was damaged. emperor qianlong was scheduled to inspect the work the following day. using quick wits, the craftsman in question molded the missing piece with clay and sailed through the imperial inspection. later, he asked a carpenter to carve a wooden one to replace the one made of clay.(approaching the imperial garden)behind the palace of earthly tranquility and trading the north-south axis is the imperial garden. there are old trees, rare flowers and exotic rock mation in this garden. it cover a space of ,700 square meters, or roughly 1. 7 percent of the bidden city. most of the structures in the garden are symmetrically arranged. however, each is different in terms of pattern and decoration. woods clumps of bamboo screen off the garden and strengthens its deep and serene atmosphere.there main structure of the imperial garden is the qin'an hall. positioned in the central-northern part of the garden, this hall is flanked by other halls and pavilions on the east and west. the hall sits on a marble pedestal. the taoist deity of zhenwu is enshrined here and emperor would pay homage here a quarterly basis. taoist rites were held during the reign of emperor jiajing of the ming dynasty. in front of the hall there is a cypress that is 00 years old. in all there are a dozen such rare trees in the garden, and most of them are cypresses or pines. to the northwest of the hall, there is the yanhui (sustaining sunshine) pavilion and to the northeast there lies the duixiu (accumulated refinement) hill. this hill was built over the foundation of the guanhua (admiring flowers) hall of the ming dynasty. it is meters in height and made of al kinds of rocks quarried in jiangsu province. at its base stand two stone lions, each carrying a dragon shooting water meters up into the air from its mouth. there are meandering paths leading to the hilltop. at the top of duixiu hill sits the yujing (imperial viewing) pavilion. traditionally, on the day of the double ninth festival (the ninth day of the ninth lunar month), the emperor, his consort, and his concubines would climb up to yujing pavilion to enjoy the scenery. at the southeastern corner of the garden is jiangxue (crimson snowy) verandah. nearby to the southwest lies yangxing study (study of the cultivation of nature). the yangxing study was used as a royal library during the reign of emperor qianlong of the qing dynasty. the last emperor of the qing dynasty, puyi once studied english there. in front of the jiangxue verandah some chinese flowering crabapples grow. the structure got its name from the crabapples who blossoms from crimson to snowy white. in front of the verandah, there grows a rare flower that was brought from henna province under the order of empress dowager cixi. in the northeast is chizao tang (hall of using flowery language), once used as a library where rare books were stored.there are also specific pavilions symbolizing the four seasons. the halls of wanchun and qianqiu, representing spring and autumn respectively, are square in shape and are coupled with multiple eaves and bell-shape and are coupled with multiple eaves and bell-shaped ridges. the halls of chengrui and fubi, dedicated to winter and summer, are characterized by two verandahs and bridges at their bases. paths were paved with colorful pebbles and arranged in 900 different designs.the imperial garden can be accessed through the qiong yuan (jade garden ) west gate or the qiong yuan east gate. a third gate, the shunzhen (obedience and fidelity) gate, opens to the north. its doors are laid in glazed tiles and it was only used by the empress or concubines.as our tour of the bidden city draws to a close, i hope that i have helped you understand why the palace is a treasure of china and one of the cultural relics of the world. it is under the strict protection of the chinese government. since 199 when the people's republic of china was founded, nearly one trillion rmb was spent on its restoration and refurbishment. the bidden city has undergone four major facelifts to date. each year, the government earmarks a large sum to gather, sort and study cultural relics. the palace now contains a total of 930,000 cultural relics. well, so much today. let's go to board the coach. thank you! 故宫英文导游词缅甸陆龟养殖技术方法吃什么 旅游英语口语情景对话:入住宾馆(part ) --01 1:: 来源: A: Hi, I have a reservation under the name of Sandals.B: Could I see your ID, please, sir?A: Of course! Let me take it out of my wallet.B: Thank you, sir. Now, do you have a credit card, sir?A: Yes, of course. Is American Express okay?B: I'm sorry, sir. Only VISA or MasterCard.A: In that case, here's my VISA.B: Thank you. Your room number is 5, queen bed, nonsmoking. Is that agreeable to you, sir?A: Yes, I'm easy to please.B: Very good. Here is your room key, sir. If you need anything at all, please dial 0.旅游英语口语,旅游英语专业,旅游英语对话,旅游英语词汇,旅游英语作文,旅游英语专业介绍 旅游 英语口语 情景政和县马来闭壳龟长身蛇颈龟东部箱龟棱背泥龟缅甸孔雀龟百色闭壳龟价格怎么养

棱背泥龟喂养养殖指南我的铅笔盒(My Pencil-box) -- :55:9 来源: 我的铅笔盒(My Pencil-box)  I have a good friend. Her name is Pencil-box. She is a very beautiful girl. Look! there is a picture on her face. It’s a picture of flowers. Her coat is blue and yellow.  there are some pencils, a pen, a ruler, a rubber and a tape in her stomach. From Monday to Friday, I go to school with her.  When I want to copy or write the new words, I open her mouth and take out the pencil from her stomach. She helps me a lot. And I like her very much. 《飘Gone with the Wind经典台词 -- 3::5 来源:kekenet 1.Land is the only thing in the world worth working , worth fighting , worth dying . Because it’s the only thing that lasts.(土地是世界上唯一值得你去为之工作, 为之战斗, 为之牺牲的东西,因为它是唯一永恒的东西).I wish I could be more like you.(我要像你一样就好了)3.Whatever comes, I’ll love you, just as I do now. Until I die.(无论发生什么事,我都会像现在一样爱你,直到永远).I think it’s hard winning a war with words.(我认为纸上谈兵没什么作用)5.Sir, you’re no gentleman. And you miss are no lady.(先生,你可真不是个君子,,你也不是什么淑女)6.I never give anything without expecting something in return. I always get paid.(我做任何事不过是为了有所回报,我总要得到报酬)7.In spite of you and me and the whole silly world going to pieces around us, I love you.(哪怕是世界末日我都会爱着你)8.I love you more than I’ve ever loved any woman. And I’ve waited longer you than I’ve waited any woman. 此句只可意会不可言传9.If I have to lie, steal, cheat or kill, as God as my witness, I’ll never be hungry again! (即使让我撒谎,去偷,去骗,去杀人,上帝作,我再也不要挨饿了).Now I find myself in a world which me is worse than death. A world in which there is no place me.(现在我发现自己活在一个比死还要痛苦的世界,一个无我容身之处的世界).You’re throwing away happiness with both hands. And reaching out something that will never make you happy.(你把自己的幸福拱手相让,去追求一些根本不会让你幸福的东西).Home. I’ll go home. And I’ll think of some way to get him back. After all, tomorrow is another day.(家,我要回家.我要想办法让他回来.不管怎样,明天又是全新的一天) 经典台词 Wind印度星乌龟品种介绍种类区别佛罗里达红肚龟饲养方法技术技巧

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