楼主:知道问答 时间:2019年12月09日 09:12:13 点击:0 回复:0
Today, Im back with the Romans, in what they might have called the Far West, what we think of as Suffolk.我们如今称为萨福克的地区,对罗马人来说算是远西,它是罗马的西部边陲。We are around the year 400, and in England centuries of unprecedented peace and prosperity are about to end in chaos. Across Western Europe the Roman Empire is fragmenting into a series of failed states, and in Britain the Roman leadership is conducting a phased withdrawal. At moments like this it is tricky to be rich. There was no longer any organised military or civil force to protect them or their possessions, and as they fled, they left behind them some of the finest treasure ever found. Our object belongs to a fabulous collection of gold and silver buried in a field at Hoxne, Suffolk, around 410, and found nearly 1,600 years later...in 1992.公元400年左右,不列颠几百年来的和平与繁荣即将结束于一场混乱。罗马帝国在西欧四分五裂,在英格兰的影响力也逐渐减弱。在动荡时期,富人的处境十分危险,不再有军队来保护他们的财产,因此,他们逃亡时留下了极为珍贵的宝藏。本文中的物品便是在公元410年左右埋藏在萨福克霍克森地区的金银财宝中的一件,1992年,它在藏1600余年后终于重见天日。Im holding a small statue of the upper half of a Roman matron, wearing very elaborate clothes and long dangly earrings. Her hair is fantastically complicated, its twisted and plaited in an elaborate ;up-do;, and she is obviously a seriously grande dame and very, very fashionable. Shes about three inches high, so the size of a silver pepper pot - and indeed that is exactly what she is-a silver pepper pot. When I pick it up I can see that on the underside there is a clever mechanism which allows you to determine how much pepper will come out. You turn the handle and you can either close it completely, have it fully open, or in a kind of sprinkling mode.我手里拿着的就是这样一尊看起来就像是一位罗马夫人的半身雕像,眼饰华美,挂着长耳环,发式精巧繁复,发辫盘在头顶。一望即知,这是位庄重的贵妇,衣着入时。雕像高约8厘米,大小如同一个胡椒罐。而它也恰恰就是一个银制胡椒罐,底部有精巧机关,可以控制胡椒的倒出量。只要扭动把手,就可以选择全开、全闭或半开。201502/360002But knowing that these overweight children are但是要了解到这些超重的孩子very likely to become obese adults adds another level极有可能成为肥胖的成人,这又增加了问题的to the problem. The risk of adult obesity at every age严重性,在每一个年龄区间,成人肥胖的风险interval is significantly greater if the child is将会极度增大,如果这个孩子本身overweight and if the child has a parent that is obese.超重并且他父母中有一个也属于肥胖的话Looking at the table you can see that 1 to 2 year olds看看这个图表,您会发现1到2岁大的孩子with no obese parents only had an 8 percent chance他们父母不肥胖的话,他们成年后患上肥胖of becoming obese in adulthood.But an overweight的几率只有8%,但是,一个超重的10 to 14 year-old with obese parents had a 7910到14岁有肥胖父母的孩子,成年后患percent chance of becoming obese in adulthood.肥胖的几率则高达79%This cycle clearly needs to be stopped before it starts这个现象显然在发生之前就应该被阻止Yes, something drastic needs to be done but not just的确,应该采取一些强有力的措施,但绝不仅because of the rise of obesity.You may be thinking,是由于肥胖的增加,您可能想well, my child isnt overweight.But weight is not好吧,我的孩子体重正常,但是,体重并不是the only measure of health.It is important for both健康的唯一标尺,对于正常体重normal weight and overweight children to get和超重的孩子而言,摄入推荐的the recommended nutrients and the fact of the matter营养素十分重要,事实是is that most children are not meeting all of大多数孩子并没有得到所有the recommendations.Only two percent of kids推荐的营养素,只有2%的孩子meet all food guide pyramid recommendations.达到了食物指南金字塔推荐的标准16 percent do not meet any.40 percent meet16%的没有得到推荐中的任何东西 40%only one.And more than 84 percent of kids eat只得到了一项,超过84%的孩子摄入too much fat while 91 percent on children eat过量脂肪 91%的孩子摄入too much saturated fat.Less than 15 percent of过量饱和脂肪,不足15%的children get enough fruits.Less than twenty percent孩子吃足够多的水果,不足20%的get enough vegetables.And less than 30 percent get吃足够多的蔬菜,不足30%的饮用enough milk.Can you guess what our children do足量的牛奶,您知道我们的孩子在哪方面get enough of.While fruit, vegetable and milk摄入量足够吗?他们的水果,蔬菜和牛奶的recommendations are frequently far from being met摄入量通常远低于推荐水平soft drink consumption is soaring.Looking at而他们软饮料的饮用量却在蹿升,看看this data you can see that soft drinks make up a这组数据,您会发现许多各个年龄段的儿童fair share of total calories each day for many children他们饮用的软饮料占据每日总卡路里量的份额of all ages.Not only are children being fed too much是基本相等的,孩子们不仅被灌入了太多pop but the majority of their snacks come from汽水,他们零食中的大部分也都是一些cookies, desserts, potato chips, salty snacks and candy饼干,甜品,薯片,咸味零食以及糖果16 percent of snacks are fruits but only one percent of他们零食中有16%是水果,但是只有1%是snacks are veggies.It shouldnt be surprising that蔬菜,这也就难怪多数孩子most children eat only half the recommended 5 daily只摄入了针对水果和蔬菜的5项每日servings of fruits and vegetables. Plus, the vegetables备餐推荐中的一半,另外,他们所吃的that they are eating are not the highest in nutrient蔬菜在营养质量方面并非是最佳的quality.The most common vegetables eaten孩子们最常吃的蔬菜是by children are French fries, catsup, and pizza sauce.炸薯条,番茄酱,披萨酱Children have especially low intakes of nutrient他们摄入的富含营养素的深绿色蔬菜和rich dark green leafy and deep yellow veggies.As you can see this多叶蔬菜少之又少,你可以看到这就是is an overview of how to ;my pyramid;.如何大致上去解读;我的金字塔;Locate the moderation description in the middle of看一看左边中间对适中的描述the left side.It explains that moderation is它解释道,在金字塔上,适中是由将represented on the pyramid by narrowing of each从底到顶的每一个食物组food group from the bottom to the top.The wider进行窄化来代表的,更宽的base stands for foods with little or no added fats塔基代表没有或几乎没有添加脂肪或糖的or sugars.These should be selected more often.食物,应当经常选择这些食物The narrower top area stands for foods containing更窄的顶部区域代表那些含有更多more added sugar and solid fats.These should be添加糖和脂肪的食物,应当尽量少地selected less often.For example, brown rice would选择这些食物,比如说,糙米应该be at the base of the grain group while a donut是在谷物组的底层而炸面圈应该是在would be at the tip.For the vegetable group spinach最上端,在蔬菜组中,菠菜应该是在would be at the base while French fries would be最底层而炸薯条应该是在at the top.For the fruits an apple would be at the最上层,对水果组而言,一个苹果应该是在base while a slice of apple pie would be at the tip.底层而一份苹果馅饼则应该是在最上端201503/367017TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201603/434321But the debate will only be concluded不过只有当我们找到确凿的据when we find firm evidence.才能推断出这样的命题What is it about cooking food,烹煮食物究竟是怎样which could have had such a powerful effect on our bodies?对我们身体产生巨大影响的Its a vexed question,这是个难题which is being investigated by the scientific community around the world.全世界许多科学家们都致力于这方面的研究To answer this question,为了解答这个问题Professor Wrangham is not working with humans.朗汉教授选择的研究对象不是人类His subjects are mice, whose normal diet is raw food.他的实验对象是通常都吃生食的小鼠To start with, the mice are given a diet of raw yams for four days.开始时 连续4天为小鼠提供生番薯Were feeding them this delicious raw sweet potato,我们给小鼠吃美味的生番薯and like any other wild animal adapted to starch-rich food,鉴于野生动物都很适应高淀粉的食物were expecting them to do very well.我们希望小鼠也会喜欢201505/375466栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201508/391681

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201507/382907

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