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上海中山医院治疗直肠癌价格医对话

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今天还是要继续讲两个在大选期间新闻界常用来报道竞选运动的习惯用语。2000年的总统大选竞争激烈,究竟是戈尔还是小布什夺得总统职位要到十一月的选举日才能见分晓。目前虽然已经进入两人间这场马拉松比赛的最后冲刺阶段,但是结果仍然难以预料。而且还可能有两种不同的胜负结局;那就是说两人中可能是一人遥遥领先,取得压倒性的胜利,也可能是两人并驾齐驱,其中一人仅仅以毫厘之差取得险胜。第一种取胜方式可以用我们今天先要学的一个习惯用语来表示, hands down。 Hands down,要是直译就是双手放下。人们时而说:win hands down,想象一下要是垂着双手就能取胜的话,那该有多轻而易举。这个习惯用语一百多年前来自赛马运动。当一名骑手觉得胜利在望,自己可以不费劲就能取胜的时候,往往会垂下双手、放松缰绳,让马匹向前冲,而不必继续提紧缰绳、快马加鞭。在有关 2000年大选的报导中时时会听到或者看到这个习惯用语。我们听个例子来体会它的确切含义吧。大家知道大选期间会不断进行民意调查,探测公众对候选人的持倾向。2000年的大选当然也不例外,然而这个大选年间的民意测验结果特别得到新闻界的瞩目,因为它起伏波动很大。在 2000年八月初共和党的全国政党大会召开后,小布什曾以多达十七个百分点的水平领先于戈尔。 但是在短短的两星期后,民主党也举行了全国政党大会。我们听听 随后形势怎样起了风云突变。例句-1:Early on Bush had such a healthy lead some experts were predicting he would win hands down in November. But two weeks later Gore caught up and some polls showed him edging ahead.他说:刚开始时布什稳稳地处于领先地位,以致某些专家当时预计他不费举手之劳就能马到成功。但是两星期后戈尔急起直追,有些民意调查还发现戈尔逐步领先了。在这段话里,由于布什起先得分大大超过戈尔,某些专家因此认为他稳操胜券。他们下的结论是布什不费举手之劳就能取胜。所以习惯用语hands down是轻而易举的意思。******布什和戈尔两人在竞选中你追我赶,杀得难解难分,于是专家们说,2000年的大选战可能是近二十年来竞争最为激烈的一次,而新闻界的某些分析专家在预测选举结果的时候也往往会用上这个短语:toss up。 Toss up,是我们今天要学的第二个习惯用语。Toss这个词的意思是扔或者抛,所以toss up原来的意思就是往上抛。习惯用语toss up相当古老,流传至今差不多有两百来年了。Toss up最初说的是当要作出某一个决定的时候,由于成败机会各半,前途未卜,难以作明智的选择,于是靠抛硬币、再根据硬币落地哪一面向上来作决断。这个抛硬币的习惯带来了习惯用语toss-up,它常当名词用,而且不仅用在运动场合还用在政界,尤其当竞争双方势均力敌,谁胜谁负极其难以判断的时候就会用上这个习惯用语了。我们还是听个政界的例子来体会习惯用语toss-up是什么意思 。例句-2:These days the pundits are no longer predicting either candidate will win hands down on November 7. They remember the times when polls turned out to be wrong. For example, Harry Trumans surprise victory over Thomas Dewey back in 1948. Therefore the pundits nowadays say instead that the result is likely to be a toss-up.他说:如今高深的学者们不再预测任何一位候选人会在大选日轻易取胜了。民意测验出错的事例让他们记忆犹新。1948年杜鲁门出人意料地战胜他的对手杜威就是个例子。于是如今那些有识之士改口这样说:选举结果可能是难以预料的。民意测验的结果也随着形势变化而摇摆不定,所以不能根据候选人在某些民意调查中的成绩而下断语。究竟谁胜谁负得到选票点算完毕的时候才作定论,所以目前人士只能把选举结果说成是难以预测的事,而习惯用语toss-up意思就是难以预料的事,而且是个名词短语。 /201409/326890假装没看见---cut sb dead大家好,欢迎来到小强英语!当你不想理睬的人从你身边擦肩而过的时候,你常常会假装没看见,以避免跟他们打招呼。英语中,我们用“cut sb dead”来形容这种现象。It means to pretend not to have seen sb, to refuse to say hello to sb.我们来看一些例句:He turned everyone against me; all my old friends cut me dead. 他让所有人都跟我作对,我的老朋友都对我视而不见。Smith has cut me dead ever since that unfortunate affair with the club funds. 自从俱乐部基金那件不幸的事发生以后,史密斯将我视若路人。值得注意的是,这个短语跟“死”没有关系,千万不要误以为是“砍死某人”的意思。比如:He cuts his father dead in the street.这个句子的意思就是“他在街上遇见自己的父亲却假装没看见”,而不是“他在街上砍死了他的父亲”。好了,本期的节目就是这样,我们下期再见!与小强互动,请上新浪微@小强英语。本栏目由原创,。 /201408/32359113. We required a staff with the working experience in transnational enterprises.我们需要一个有在跨国企业工作经验的员工。还能这样说:A staff with working experience in transnational enterprises was what we needed.We were expecting an employee who had ever worked in transnational enterprises.应用:from experience 凭经验;从经验中;draw upon past experience to... 凭借过去的经验去做;extract experience from 从……中汲取经验14. Welcome to apply for trainee position in Sales Department.欢迎申请销售部实习生的职位。还能这样说:Graduating Students are popular to get the trainee position in Sales Department.Welcome to our Sales Department as trainee.应用:bring-and-buy sale 义卖;sale by bulk 批发,成批出售;dull of sale 滞销15. Excuse me for asking, how many people will you employ?冒昧地问下你们招多少人?还能这样说:I make bold to ask how many people you need.May I take the liberty of asking you how many people you will employ?应用:employ oneself doing 从事于,时间花在……;employ... as 把……用作16. I have an eye to the position.我很想得到那个职位。还能这样说:I am quite interested in the post.I really want to get the job.谚语:Bring up a raven and hell pick out your eyes.养虎贻患。17. How many hours should I work a day?我一天要工作几个小时?还能这样说:How many hours do you ask us to work per day?How long do I need to work a day?应用:clear as day 一清二楚;一目了然;of a day 短暂;短命的;of the day 当时的;当代的 /201409/328375Todd: OK. Jessica, were back. Were gonna talk about your future. What do you want to be when you grow up?杰西卡,我们来谈谈你的未来。等你长大了你想做什么?Jessica: Well, um, I wanna be a physicians assistant.我想做一名助理医师。Todd: OK. What is a physicians assistant?什么是助理医师?Jessica: Well, normally when you go into a, into the doctors office, you wouldnt usually get, well you would get your doctor all they do is check, give you check-ups or you know maybe take out stitches or something, not surgery. You just go in and do the little things. So the doctor does not have to do them.通常我们进入医生的办公室,助理医师会给你做身体检查或是在手术中缝针,而不是主刀做手术。助理医师只是做小事,主治医师不用做的事情。Todd: Oh, OK. So that is what you want to do?好的。这是你想从事的职业?Jessica: Yeah.是的。Todd: OK.好。Jessica: And make lots of money.助理医师还能挣不少钱。Todd: You wanna make lots of money.你想赚大钱。Jessica: OK. Nothing wrong with that.想赚大钱没有什么不对。Todd: How do you become a physici... physicians assistant. I cant even say it.你如何能成为助理医师。我甚至不知道要如何做。Jessica: Its a lot of schooling. You have like six years, four or six years of college and you obviously take the, like nursing and other kinds of classes like that and then you do like um, two, two or four years at like a hospital as a..这需要长时间的学习。你必须学习6年的时间,接受4或6年本科教育,很明显你还需要学习护理和其他课程,在这之后你还要花2到4年的时间在医院……Todd: Like an assistant, or..在医院做助理或是……Jessica: Like, like youre actually doing.就好像实际在做助理医师一样。Todd: Oh, an intern.哦,实习。Jessica: An intern, yeah! An internship for two or four years at a hospital.实习生,是的!在一家医院实习2到4年。Todd: Then, thats it. You finish.这样才能完成学业。Jessica: And then you hopefully go on and maybe have your own little doctors place and open that up or something.接着你就能继续做医师,或是以后有可能开家自己的小诊所。Todd: Well, best wishes on becoming a physicians assistant. Im sure youll make a good one.祝你将来能成为一名助理医师,一名成功的助理医师。Jessica: Thank you.谢谢。注:译文属原创,,。 /201211/208328I was so shocked when he flared up in front of everyone.他在大家面前大发雷霆的时候,我真是吓坏了。

经典句型:Have you been to die Palace Museum? 你去过故宫物馆吗?A:I like Beijing very much.甲:我非常喜欢北京。B:Have you been to the Palace Museum?乙:你去过故宫物馆吗?A:Yes. Its one of the most beautiful places I have ever seen.甲:是的。那是我见过的最美丽的地方之一。经典句型:What places have you visited in Beijing? 你去过北京的哪些地方?A:I have been in Beijing for half a year. 甲:我在北京半年了。B:What places have you visited in Beijing? 乙:你去过北京的哪些地方?A:Ive visited the Summer Palace, the Palace Museum and the Temple of Heaven.甲:我去过硕和园、故宫物馆,还有天坛。句型讲解:北京的名胜古迹:Summer Palace颐和园,Palace Museum故宫物馆,Forbidden City紫禁城,Temple of Heaven 天坛,the Great Wall 长城,Tiananmen 天安门。 /201410/338132

Mike: OK, so for those of us listening who are not familiar with dating in the US, practices are different, Mark, how would you go about getting a date with somebody in the US?迈克:为了那些不熟悉美国约会情况的听众,约会方法会不同,马克,在美国你会怎么和他人约会呢?Mark: Ah, well, I, thats a difficult question because you know I dont always succeed with that, but I guess usually you like a girl. You begin talking to her and find some things in common with her and, I dont know, if you feel like she likes you and you like her then you ask her out.马克:嗯,那是个非常难的话题,因为你知道,我并不是每次都会成功,通常你喜欢一个女孩,你会开始和她聊天,寻找你和她的共同点,其实我也不太清楚,如果你感觉到她喜欢你,而你也喜欢她的话,那你就可以约她出去。Mike: OK, what would you say? ;Do you feel like going out this evening?; or ;What are your plans?; or ;Are you busy?;迈克:好,那你会怎么说呢?“你今晚想和我去约会吗?”还是“你有安排吗?”还是“你忙吗?”Mark: Well,those, all of those ways are so typical. Their so usual, so I dont use those, I dont say those things because I feel like its just too common, so I think women, or girls, usually respond better if youre very direct, so I say something more like, um ;So which is better for you, Friday night or Saturday night?;马克:嗯,那些方法都太普通,太平常了,所以我不会用,我不会那么说,因为我觉得那太普通了,我想如果你非常直接的问,女孩的回应一般会很好,所以我会说“你哪天有空,周五晚上还是周六晚上?”Mike: OK, and they resond with a slaped face, or no? Then, what do they say to you?迈克:好,那她们会打你一巴掌还是别的?那她们会怎么回答你?Mark: Youd be surprised. Usually, its, um, some good responses. I mean if the person doesnt like you then maybe they give you an excuse, ;Oh, Im busy Friday and Im busy Saturday.; Well, thats OK. Then you know, that that person doesnt like you (right) but, um, but usually that direct question, it, the girl or the woman is often surprised that youre so direct so she laughs and she tells you an answer, ;Im free Friday.; So you get a good response many times with direct questioning like that.马克:你会很惊讶的。一般来说,有些回应是好的。我是说,如果那个人不喜欢你,那她们可能会找个借口,比如“哦,我周五晚上和周六晚上都很忙。”那还好。但是你知道那个人不喜欢你(对),但是通常这种直接的问题会让女孩感到惊讶,因为你太直接了,所以她会笑,然后会告诉你她的回答,“我周五有空。”所以多数时间直接的问题你都会得到这样的良好的回答。Mike: OK, and what would you do then on your, on a date? Would you say, ;Great, lets go bowling!; or?迈克:好,那之后你们约会的时候会做什么呢?你会不会说,“太好了,我们去打保龄球吧!”还是其他的?Mark: I would set a time and again, I think its not so important, what you do, as it is important to, to just make a decision and to do it, so some girls might not like bowling but if you pick her up on a date and you say, ;Hey, were going bowling tonight.; If she really doesnt like bowling, she will tell you but usually if she doesnt mind bowling then shes happy that you made the choice. Thats better than asking her, ;So, what do you want to do tonight?;马克:我会定个时间,我认为你们做什么并不重要,重要的是要做出决定然后去实施,一些女孩可能不喜欢打保龄球,但是如果接她去约会,然后你说:“嘿,我们今晚要去打保龄球。”如果她真的不喜欢打保龄球,她会告诉你,但是如果她不介意打保龄球,那她会很高兴你做出了决定。这要比问她“那我们今晚要做什么”好很多。Mike: I guess especially if youre the one spending the money for it then.迈克:我想尤其是你还是那个要付钱的人。Mark: Thats a good point. Yes. Absolutely.马克:说得对。对,绝对是的。Mike: Itll work out well for both. Well, thanks a lot, Mark. Thats great.迈克:对双方来说都会很顺利的。马克,非常谢谢你。那太棒了。Mark: Youre welcome.马克:不客气。译文属 /201408/321681

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