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2020年01月20日 18:45:58来源:安晚报

Script:Well, some analysts are saying that the turmoil in the U.S markets is starting to resemble the biggest financial crisis of the past century. So are traders right to hit the sale bottom out? let’s ask an expert, it's Stephen Pope, a head of Equity Research at Cantor Fitzgerald Europe. And he joins me in the studio now. Good morning to you.Do you think we’re at a real global crisis point here in high risk lending? Do you think we’re at that, at that junction now?Well I think in terms of the higher risk situation, then what you are seeing is a cry for greater transparency and accountability. But in terms of asset system into the rest of the financial system? No, it’s not. So some of the movements you’re seeing in the equity markets today are somewhat overdone. But there are some pretty, pretty dark pictures that we, that we’ve been seeing today. And we were talking to our correspondent Dan at the London Stock Exchange and we were seeing pictures of banking stocks down five percent, seemingly across the board. And of course all these are off the back of the massive US slide. It's a pretty bleak picture, isn’t it? Yes, and with the banking sector, that has been in the fund and unfree the last two weeks. What I think you gotta start looking at is some of the pressure on them is getting to be too extreme. So the higher-profile banks that have good liquidity balances and a very good loan book. Those reports are beginning to become quite good bargains. What about some of these smaller banks now, some of the smaller lenders, do you think we are gonna see a knock-on effect and see them affected now, because that’s what some of the concerns are, aren’t they? Yes, I think you will see that the smaller lenders who probably have more exposure to this territory and are probably least able to weather the storm are gonna be the ones who would be left to the wayside. Because investors are going to say, no, we’re not going down that risk at the current time, because once you have this element of uncertainty, and unknown debt, then people are going to say, well we will go with the benchmark players as against the smaller fringe operators.Stephen, do you think what we’re gonna see now is people hunting for safer investments?I think yes, you will have seen a social flood got into the government bond sector. But so many within the equities, you’ll start to see a drift towards those large-cap companies that operate good goods and services. Because, for example, the global economy is quite sound. If you just look at the USA-India nuclear deal, there is plenty of contract/ money to be won and that’s gonna feature through the bottom line.Well, (it's a) strange dichotomy isn't it. We do have a sound global economy, and yet what we’re seeing on the markets at the moment does seem to be predicting some kind of big tumble, and those two don't seem to tally? .No, well I think that’s why I’m saying that the tumble is somewhat overdone at the current time. The central banks, their role is to stem inflation, but also to create an orderly monetary market. And that’s what they were doing through yesterday and again this morning, creating the liquidity, not a sort of discount rate,we were just saying, this is the rate we’re creating in the markets anyway, so the window is open, if you can justify a nature income, we can give you liquidity. OK, Stephen Pope, From Cantor Fitzgerald Europe, thank you very much talking to us. Thank you.Notes: Dichotomy: Division into two usually contradictory parts or opinionsKnock-on effect: a secondary or incidental effect200807/44182。

  • Asian Region Faces Political Pressures from Rising Inflation亚洲各国面临通胀高财政吃紧压力  Rising inflation is putting pressure on governments all over Asia, as angry citizens protest spiraling food and fuel costs and politicians bicker over how to handle new fiscal constraints. 日益增长的通货膨胀以及民众针对不断攀升的食品以及燃油价格的不满和抗议,加之政界人士对于如何因应新形势下财政紧缩的意见分歧,给亚洲各国政府带来很大压力。India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea - just a few countries in Asia where residents angry at surging fuel and food costs say they have had enough. Protests have gained steam in the past month, with demonstrators blocking traffic and in some cases disrupting the flow of fuel and food supplies.  在印度、印度尼西亚、马来西亚、泰国以及韩国等国家,民众们对于大幅度攀升的食品以及燃油价格,表示强烈的不满,说他们已经“受够了”。过去一个月里,各地的抗议活动此起彼伏,抗议人士在一些地方阻断了交通,有的时候还迫使食品以及燃油的运输不得不中断。Politicians in many of these countries also are struggling with inflation. Rising costs have forced governments throughout the region to reduce the subsidies they have long given on fuel.  在这些国家里,政界人士也在为通货膨胀感到头疼。不断攀升的价格迫使亚洲地区各国政府不得不削减长期以来给予消费者的燃油补贴。Mark Thirlwell, program director for international economy at the Lowy Institute for International Policy in Australia, says subsidy cuts were bound to happen with oil prices holding over 0 dollars a barrel. 澳大利亚洛伊国际政策研究所(Lowy Institute for International Policy)的项目负责人瑟尔威尔表示,在原油价格持续在130多美元一桶的情况下,各国政府削减补贴势在必行。"Their initial reaction in many cases is to use subsidies to defray the impact of higher fuel prices, higher food prices," Thirlwell explained. "As that situation has been sustained for longer and longer and as you've actually seen prices bid up higher and higher, the budgetary burden has gotten greater in each case." 他说:“那些政府最初的反应是利用补贴来抵消燃油和食品价格的攀升所带来的负面影响,随著这种局势的持续发展,实际上价格越来越高,各国政府面临的财政压力也越来越大。”The problem for many governments is that most of the inflation problem is global, not local. High worldwide demand, supply bottlenecks and international monetary policy all help push up oil prices. And food prices are soaring because of tight supplies and rising demand. 对很多国家的政府来说,通货膨胀带来的问题是全球性的,而不是地区性的。世界范围内的高需求,货源不足以及国际货币政策都是迫使石油价格上涨的因素。食品价格的上升则是供不应求造成的。That leaves governments with little room to maneuver, and in countries that have long subsidized fuel or food for their citizens, budgets are being overburdened, forcing leaders to do such things as cut subsidies, raise taxes or accept growing deficits.  在这种情况下,各国政府应对的空间非常有限。在那些长期以来对食品或者是燃油实行补贴政策的国家里,政府在财政出方面,呈现出负担过重的情形,迫使政府当中的决策人士不得不削减补贴、增加税收或者是面临不断增多的赤字。In Malaysia, for example, government leaders recently raised fuel prices by 41 percent after being faced with billion-bill to underwrite fuel subsidies. In a country used to cheap subsidized gasoline, protests erupted quickly. 比如说,在马来西亚,政府间的领导人最近就面临著要拿出170亿美元进行燃油补贴,随后被迫把燃油的价格提高了41%。马来西亚的民众长期以来习惯了由政府提供补助的廉价汽油;面对新的形势,抗议活动随之而起。In India, politicians are desperate to tame inflation - now at a seven-year high. If they fail, a voter backlash in next year's national elections is likely. Thirlwell says government leaders there are caught in a very difficult situation. 在印度,通货膨胀率现在是七年来最高的,政界人士千方百计想要控制住这种趋势。假如不成功的话,民众很有可能就将在明年的全国大选当中,用选票说话。瑟尔威尔说,印度的领导人现在面临著非常困难的处境。Thirlwell says governments that cut subsidies, or are not fiscally strong enough to handle the burden of rising inflation, face the strongest protests, and the strongest risks of political upheaval. 他说,那些决定削减补贴的政府、或者是财政方面不够强大、不足以承受通货膨胀所带来的压力的政府,面临著最严峻的抗议,也面临著政治动荡。"On the one hand, it's fiscal pressures which say well our ability to sort of defray or provide subsidies or ameliorate these price increases is limited, on the other hand we know there is real political cost involved here if we let inflation get out of control because the voters will punish us for this," Thirlwell said. 他说:“一方面,是财政上的压力,政府提供补贴或者是通过其他方式控制价格上涨的能力有限,另一方面,要是控制不住通货膨胀的话,执政党的前途就很成问题,选民们会用选票说话的。”Robert Broadfoot of the Political and Economic Risk Consultancy in Hong Kong says several governments are making a number of mistakes in handling inflation, and public concerns. 香港政治和经济风险资讯公司的罗伯特.布罗德福特表示,有几个国家的政府在处理通货膨胀问题上的做法是错误的。"In India, you have elections coming up and members of the ruling coalition don't want anything that is going to cost them votes, which means don't get rid of the subsidies," he said. "So the politicians are making mistakes and this is a time when the countries really can't afford it." 他说:“印度马上就要举行选举,执政联盟的成员不希望因为冒然行事而失去选票,这意味著补贴不能取消。 政界人士这么做是错误的,这是这个国家实在不能承担得起的。”Broadfoot says the Indian government's bill for fuel subsidies is expected to be almost billion this year, because the retail price remains far below the cost of oil. He says considering that citizens aly have taken to the streets to protest recent price increases, the Indian government can expect more strife if it is forced to slash subsidies again. 布罗德福特表示,预计印度政府今年的燃料补贴费用大约为600亿美元,因为零售价格依然远远低于石油的成本。他说,考虑到公民们已经走上街头抗议最近的价格上涨,如果印度政府再次被迫大幅度削减补贴,那么,可以预计印度政府将会面临更多的冲突。Soaring fuel and food costs also are taking a toll on developed economies such as Hong Kong, where groups are demanding that the government freeze prices or reduce taxes. In South Korea, truck drivers blocked roads to air their frustration over rising fuel prices and lower incomes. Some countries are handling the problems better than others. Broadfoot says Indonesia should be applauded, despite recent protests over cuts to fuel subsidies. 但是,有些国家在这方面的表现比其它国家要好。布罗德福特表示,尽管印尼最近因为削减燃油补贴也出现了抗议活动,但是,印尼政府的做法却值得称道。"The current president is taking some hard decisions, like they've really reduced their subsidies on fuel and yet he's done it in a way that's made it digestible for the population," Broadfoot noted. "He's giving poor Indonesian cash handouts, which make it a lot easier. So there have been protests but not of a scale that can bring the government down." 他说:“现任总统正在作出一些艰难的决定,虽然印尼减少了对燃油的补贴,但采取的方式却为大众所接受。印尼总统给穷人提供现金补助,这使决定执行起来顺利得多。虽然也出现抗议,但没有闹到把政府赶下台的地步。”Indonesia raised retail fuel prices by 30 percent last month. 上个月,印尼还把燃料的零售价格提高了百分之30。Many people, including government leaders, hope that relief will soon be in sight. But Thirlwell, like many analysts, warns not to expect inflation to slow. 许多人,包括政府领导人在内,都希望很快就能有一个救济办法出台。但是,和很多其他分析人士一样,瑟尔威尔警告人们不要期望通货膨胀会放慢。"Over time, high prices will produce a supply response, and we'll see some of the sting out of current prices come out," Thirlwell said. "But, there are all these question marks of well if there is any disruption to supply, any questions on supply, then rather than a sort of a slight retreat in prices we actually have the potential for another big spike." 他说:“随著时间的推移,高价格会导致供应的回馈。我们会看到,目前价格高涨造成的问题有些的确会消失。但是,不确定的因素依旧存在,例如一旦供应中断,或者供应出现问题,那么价格不但不会下降,实际上还有可能出现另一次上涨。”A number of Asian countries, including India and Indonesia, face elections in the coming year. How each government handles inflation will likely affect the next campaigns. Being popular with the public is usually a top priority for elected leaders. But many economists and political analysts warn such popularity can come at a higher price than some countries can afford. 包括印度和印尼在内的一些亚洲国家明年都面临选举。对每个政府来说,通货膨胀问题解决的好坏有可能影响下一次竞选。得到大众的持对当选领导人来说通常是当务之急。但是,许多经济学家和政治分析家警告说,这么做所付出高昂的代价是某些国家所承受不起的。200806/42338。
  • Georgia Orders Cease-Fire in South Ossetia格鲁吉亚请求美国调停格俄冲突 Georgia says it has ordered its troops in the breakaway region of South Ossetia to cease fire, after withdrawing its troops from South Ossetia's capital. There was no direct response from Russia to Georgia's offer to negotiate an end to three days of fierce fighting in the region. Russia says Georgia is still firing at targets in South Ossetia, Georgia says Russia has again bombed Gori, and dropped bombs near the international airport of Tbilisi.  格鲁吉亚说,它已经下令在南奥塞梯分离地区的格鲁吉亚军队停火,此前格鲁吉亚军队撤出了南奥塞梯首府。格鲁吉亚提出跟俄罗斯谈判,以结束双方在南奥塞梯地区持续了三天的激烈战斗,俄罗斯还没有做出直接答复。Russian officials say they now control most of Tkhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, as the conflict between Russia and Georgia widened. The fighting sp to Abkhazia, Georgia's other breakaway region, and Georgian officials said Russian planes bombed a military airfield outside the Georgian capital.  俄罗斯官员说,他们现在控制了南奥塞梯首府茨辛瓦利的大部分地区。在此同时,俄罗斯跟格鲁吉亚的冲突进一步扩大。战斗已经扩大到格鲁吉亚另一个要求独立的地区阿布哈兹。格鲁吉亚官员说,俄罗斯战机轰炸了格鲁吉亚首都郊外的一处军用机场。Abkhazia announced it had mobilized troops, and called up reservists Sunday to reassert control over the one part of the province that remains under Georgian control.  阿布哈兹宣布,它在星期天动员了军队,并召唤了后备军人,重新对这个省内仍在格鲁吉亚控制之下的一个地区加以控制。Russia sent naval vessels to Georgia's Black Sea coast. Ukrainian officials warned that they may bar Russian warships taken from the key Russian naval base in the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol from returning.  俄罗斯向格鲁吉亚黑海海域派出了海军舰艇。乌克兰官员警告说,他们可能禁止从乌克兰塞瓦斯托波尔港出发的俄罗斯军舰返回。Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin condemned Georgia's offensive in South Ossetia, which began early Friday, when Georgia sought to gain control of the region from separatists.  俄罗斯总理普京谴责格鲁吉亚从星期五对南奥塞梯发动攻击,当时格鲁吉亚正在设法从分离分子手中夺回对南奥塞梯的控制权。Mr. Putin said there were signs of genocide against the Ossetian people. 普京说,有迹象表明对南奥塞梯人进行了种族清洗。Georgian officials described their troop withdrawal from South Ossetia's capital as a goodwill measure aimed at stopping the military confrontation. Officials said they have asked the ed States to mediate the conflict. 格鲁吉亚官员说,他们从南奥塞梯首都撤军是表示善意,为的是结束军事对抗。官员说,他们已经要求美国调解冲突。The ed States called Russia's actions "disproportionate" and called for a cease-fire and return to the status quo of August 6, before the Georgian offensive began.  美国说,俄罗斯的行动是“过分的”,并呼吁双方停火,回到8月6号,即格鲁吉亚发动进攻前的状态。Russia and Georgia agreed to open two humanitarian corridors to evacuate the wounded and refugees in South Ossetia.  俄罗斯和格鲁吉亚同意开通两条人道主义通道,撤离南奥塞梯的伤员和难民。Rita Khopzhayva, one such refugee, painted a bleak picture of the situation.  一名叫作丽塔的难民说,目前的形势十分严峻。"It's hell," she said, describing it as a massive use of bombs preventing escape. "Children are hungry," she said. "There is no water, no light, no b, no gas, nothing. It's a nightmare," she said, adding, "There is nothing you can compare it to." 她说:“这里简直是地狱。”她还说,俄罗斯发动大范围的爆炸袭击,以阻止人们逃跑。她说:“孩子们没吃的,没有水、没有电灯、面包、汽油,什么都没有。简直是一场恶梦,没有比这更糟的了。”The fighting began Friday when Georgia sought to regain South Ossetia from separatists in a major offensive. Russia, which has close ties to the province, responded by sending thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks. 交战是星期五开始的,当时格鲁吉亚试图通过一场大规模攻势从分离分子手中夺回对南奥塞梯的控制权。而同南奥塞梯关系密切的俄罗斯派遣了几千名士兵和几百辆坦克来反击。Leaders from around the world have called on both sides to end the fighting, issuing statements deploring the current situation and sending a delegation of high-level diplomats.  世界各国的领导人呼吁双方停止交战,并发表声明,谴责目前的情况,他们还派出了一个由高级外交人员组成的代表团。The recent violence is the worst since the region won de facto independence in 1992. South Ossetians are eager to join fellow Ossetians in North Ossetia, which was included within Russian borders following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. 最近发生的暴力袭击是南奥塞梯1992年获得事实上的独立以来最严重的敌对冲突。南奥塞梯渴望加入北奥塞梯人的行列。北奥塞梯自1991年苏联解体以来一直属于俄罗斯管辖。200808/45715。
  • Script:Well, some analysts are saying that the turmoil in the U.S markets is starting to resemble the biggest financial crisis of the past century. So are traders right to hit the sale bottom out? let’s ask an expert, it's Stephen Pope, a head of Equity Research at Cantor Fitzgerald Europe. And he joins me in the studio now. Good morning to you.Do you think we’re at a real global crisis point here in high risk lending? Do you think we’re at that, at that junction now?Well I think in terms of the higher risk situation, then what you are seeing is a cry for greater transparency and accountability. But in terms of asset system into the rest of the financial system? No, it’s not. So some of the movements you’re seeing in the equity markets today are somewhat overdone. But there are some pretty, pretty dark pictures that we, that we’ve been seeing today. And we were talking to our correspondent Dan at the London Stock Exchange and we were seeing pictures of banking stocks down five percent, seemingly across the board. And of course all these are off the back of the massive US slide. It's a pretty bleak picture, isn’t it? Yes, and with the banking sector, that has been in the fund and unfree the last two weeks. What I think you gotta start looking at is some of the pressure on them is getting to be too extreme. So the higher-profile banks that have good liquidity balances and a very good loan book. Those reports are beginning to become quite good bargains. What about some of these smaller banks now, some of the smaller lenders, do you think we are gonna see a knock-on effect and see them affected now, because that’s what some of the concerns are, aren’t they? Yes, I think you will see that the smaller lenders who probably have more exposure to this territory and are probably least able to weather the storm are gonna be the ones who would be left to the wayside. Because investors are going to say, no, we’re not going down that risk at the current time, because once you have this element of uncertainty, and unknown debt, then people are going to say, well we will go with the benchmark players as against the smaller fringe operators.Stephen, do you think what we’re gonna see now is people hunting for safer investments?I think yes, you will have seen a social flood got into the government bond sector. But so many within the equities, you’ll start to see a drift towards those large-cap companies that operate good goods and services. Because, for example, the global economy is quite sound. If you just look at the USA-India nuclear deal, there is plenty of contract/ money to be won and that’s gonna feature through the bottom line.Well, (it's a) strange dichotomy isn't it. We do have a sound global economy, and yet what we’re seeing on the markets at the moment does seem to be predicting some kind of big tumble, and those two don't seem to tally? .No, well I think that’s why I’m saying that the tumble is somewhat overdone at the current time. The central banks, their role is to stem inflation, but also to create an orderly monetary market. And that’s what they were doing through yesterday and again this morning, creating the liquidity, not a sort of discount rate,we were just saying, this is the rate we’re creating in the markets anyway, so the window is open, if you can justify a nature income, we can give you liquidity. OK, Stephen Pope, From Cantor Fitzgerald Europe, thank you very much talking to us. Thank you.Notes: Dichotomy: Division into two usually contradictory parts or opinionsKnock-on effect: a secondary or incidental effect200807/44182。
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