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2019年09月22日 08:21:34 | 作者:放心大夫 | 来源:新华社
Tribes and little kingdoms are coalescing into larger units, ones that will eventually become the nation states that we know today. England, Scotland and Denmark on one side, Japan and Korea on the other. For all these countries, these are the critical centuries.部落与小国联合起来,形成如今我们熟悉的大国。其中一端是英国与丹麦,另一端则是日本与新罗。对这些国家来说,这几个世纪是他们历史上的关键点。Lying between north-east China and Japan, the Korean peninsula was, like England at the same date, fragmented by competing kingdoms. In 668, the southernmost kingdom, Silla, with the backing of China-then, as now, the regional superpower-conquered its neighbours and imposed its rule from the far south to quite a bit north of what is now Pyongyang. It never controlled the far north, but the unified Silla kingdom for the next three hundred years ruled most of what is now Korea from its imperial capital in the south, Kyongju, a city splendidly adorned with grand new buildings.朝鲜半岛地处日本与中国东北之间。同英国一样,当时这里也分成了许多相互征战的小国。公元668年,最南端的新罗国在中国唐朝政 府的持下吞并了半岛上的其他国家,将自己的疆土从最南端扩张到了 北部今平壤一带。它的势力从未涉及半岛的最北端(与今日中国接壤的部分),但在接下来三百年的时间里,这个统一的新罗国从自己位于南部 的首都庆州发号施令,统治着今日朝鲜与韩国的绝大部分疆土。庆州兴建了许多豪华的新建筑,城市被装扮得极为华丽。The object in this programme is a roof tile that comes from one of those new buildings, in this case a temple, and it tells us a great deal about the achievements and the apprehensions of the young Silla state.大英物馆所藏的这片陶瓦便来自当时这些新建筑中的一幢。它曾是一座庙宇的屋瓦,向我们讲述了公元七百年左右,年轻的新罗国的成就与忧惧。Ive got the tile in my hand now. Its about the size of a large old-fashioned roof slate, so just under a foot (30 cm) square, and its made of heavy cream-coloured clay. The top and the sides are edged with a roughly decorated border, and in the middle of the tile is a fearsome face looking straight out at me.瓦当的大小类似于大的老式石板瓦,略小于三十厘米乘三十厘米,用乳黄色的黏土制成,顶部和两边都有装饰粗糙的瓦缘,中间是一张可怕的脸,直直地望着我。201510/403596So iodate, hydrogen peroxide, malonic acid碘酸根离子,过氧化氢,丙二酸in the presence of sulfuric acid在硫酸存在的条件下react to produce this compound反应生成这种化合物oxygen and water氧气和水But think about the reaction this way不过像这样考虑反应Its equivalent to saying that metal and plastic无异于说金属和塑料反应react to produce a bicycle生成自行车In reality, there are many steps实际有很多步骤that occur between those raw materials and the finished results发生在原材料和最终产品之间and the Briggs-Rauscher reaction is similarBriggs-Rauscher反应也是这样Here are the many subreactions that occur这里需要有很多子反应发生to get from the reactants才能从反应物to the products得到产物What we see is a cycle from colorless to amber to dark blue我们所看到的是从无色到琥珀色到深蓝色的循环And as these reactions run随着这些反应的进行the relative amounts of the reactants and the products反应物和产物的相对浓度dictate the color of the solution决定了溶液的颜色I2 is amberI2是琥珀色的I minus is colorlessI-是无色的and I three minus is deep blue when it interacts with starch in the solution而I3-在同淀粉溶液相互作用时是深蓝色的triiodide is formed when三碘阴离子能在iodine and iodide interact碘单质和碘离子相互作用时形成And this cycle continues until all the reactants are used up这个循环会一直持续,直到反应物被耗完为止Hope you enjoyed the and Ill see you next time但愿大家喜欢这个视频,下次再见201502/358217CPPCC to begin at 3pm in Beijing中国人民政治协商会议第十二届全国委员会第四次会议在北京人民大会堂开幕The top political advisory body begins its annual session this afternoon in Beijing.Its the fourth session for the 12th National Committee of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference.中国人民政治协商会议第十二届全国委员会第四次会议今天下午在京召开。More than 2,200 members will be gathered in the Great Hall of the People.2200多名代表齐聚在人民大会堂。译文属201603/429437The Kremlin is evaluating whether to join the US, Britain and France in the air campaign against ISIL in Syria.克林姆林宫正在评估是否要加入美国、英国和法国空袭叙利亚ISIL组织。President Vladimir Putin said Russia was prepared to strike from the air, if approved by the UN, but ruled out troops on the ground.普京总统说,如果联合国批准,俄罗斯准备发动空袭,但排除地面部队。At the UN both Putin and US President Obama bared their thoughts on Syria, highlighting major differences though some progress was made.在联合国,就叙利亚问题普京和美国总统奥巴马都袒露了自己的想法,尽管取得了一些进展,但仍存在重大分歧。We do hope that we will be able to find common ground with our Arab partners, with Turkey, with the ed States… with European countries, with a view to finding a common platform to fight terrorism.我们希望能够与阿拉伯伙伴、土耳其、美国及欧洲国家达成共同立场,以找到一个共同的平台打击恐怖主义。The key sticking point is the role of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Russia says he must be included, while the US and France are adamant he must go:问题的症结在于叙利亚总统巴沙尔·阿萨德的角色上,俄罗斯表示其必须包括在内,而美国和法国坚决表示阿萨德必须下台。“The ed States is prepared to work with any nation, including Russia and Iran, to resolve the conflict, but we must recognise that there cannot be, after so much bloodshed, so much carnage, a return to the pre-war status quo,” Obama said.“美国准备与其它包括俄罗斯和伊朗在内的国家合作以解决冲突,但我们必须认识到,经过那么多流血事件、那么多屠杀后不能够回到战前的现状。”奥巴马说道。Many believe that if a solution to the Syrian conflict is to be found the West will have to work with Russia and oust Assad down the line.许多人认为,如果找到了解决叙利亚冲突的办法,西方将与俄罗斯合作并完全罢黜阿萨德。译文属。 /201510/401642

How To Ski Powder粉雪技巧Powder skiing, its really the Holy Grail for a lot of recreational skiers.滑粉雪是很多业余滑雪者的必杀技.The idea of coming down a perfectly virgin field with snow flying everywhere ,its a lot of peoples dream.从一个条件完美的原始雪地上滑雪,伴随着雪花飞扬, 是大多数滑雪者的梦想But the reality is if youve got a problem coming down a blue run但事实是如果你在初学者滑道(蓝色滑道)出现问题its going to be amplified when youre off piste.在道外滑雪的时候这些问题就会更严重Linking those turns together is really key and not getting too built up physiologically that its a massively different thing between that and skiing down a piste.滑雪的时候关键是把回转串联起来而不单单是肢体动作的幅度增强,这也就是道内滑雪和道外滑雪的最大不同Good smooth linking of the turns and a positive flow.平稳的连续动作是串联了回转和正流Its a lot to do with rhythm.这其中有很多需要联系才能跟上滑雪步调Link the turns together with no hesitation.连续动作的时候不要犹豫A good pole plant will help you keep the rhythm going.完美的点仗动作对节奏的把握会有帮助Remember what we learnt on the piste; no dead spot, no tea break between the turns.但是谨记,我们在滑雪道上学到的两点: 无盲区, 回转的时候无间断There is always something happening.但是总会遇见问题Relax and enjoy it要学会放松并享受The best way to build confidence skiing powder is on the piste after a fresh snowfall.树立信心的最好方式就是在下完一场新鲜的雪之后的滑雪道练习滑粉雪Start linking the turns down the run with no hesitation.开始把每个回转迅速得连接起来,不要犹豫The first few runs will give you a gentle introduction to the feeling of powder.前几个小连接会让你轻微的感受到雪粉扬起的感觉Above all be confident.这些都需要树立自信If youre in a resort when it snows over night make sure youre on the first lift, as it will soon get tracked out.如果你在一个度假胜地,晚上下了一整夜的雪,一定要确保你是第一个滑雪的人, 因为很快新鲜的雪道就会被追踪到Something to watch out for is trying to throw the skis around far too quickly.需要注意的是不要试图滑得太快Youre coming into the turn and youre going to do it all in one big movement.要不然你会很快就开始转弯而且在一个大回转中把所有动作连接起来If you put too much weight onto that new ski, the downhill ski, in one go its going to dig in and youre going to feel like youre thrown over the handlebars.如果你在下山脚上施压太多, 那只脚将直接挖进雪地里,然后直接被甩过手把Its got to start nice and smooth, let the skis point downhill and gradually build up that pressure change, nothing is too fast.正常应该平稳的开始,让滑雪板朝着山下然后慢慢改变施重,不要急Let the skis work through this deeper snow. Get that control.让滑雪板穿越更深的雪地, 好好的控制Keep the distractions to a minimum尽量保持注意力集中No rocks, no trees, a nice simple slope ,so you can just focus on what youre doing.没有石头,没有树, 一个简单平稳的坡度会让你注意力集中在你要做的事情上Skiing powder feels great but if you can get some of these exercises on the piste, a nice smooth fluid turn, good strong pole plant,滑雪粉感觉很棒,但是如果你在雪道上多多练习流畅的回转,点仗动作thats going to go a long way to help you get some of those turns mastered when the snows a bit deeper.当雪深一些的时候, 这些练习会慢慢帮助你掌握这些回转连贯动作Youll be amazed once you link some turns together一旦学会连贯动作, 你会非常惊喜的how much more self-confidence you have and thats going to go a long way to help you ski off piste.你越自信,在滑雪道上滑雪慢慢也会得到很大帮助的.注:本文翻译由en88字幕组完成。201506/379786

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201602/426593

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201512/415809

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