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湖北化学纤维厂职工医院人流多少钱久久指南

2019年11月15日 22:01:34|来源:国际在线|编辑:度大夫
Finland is about to embark on an extremely ambitious journey to test one of the most controversial economic theories of our time.芬兰即将开启一段颇具雄心的旅程,以测试本世纪最具争议的经济理论之一。The countrys social security institution known as Kela will be handing free money to thousands of jobless citizens on a monthly basis for the next two years.该国一家名叫Kela的社会保障机构,将在未来两年间,向数以千计的失业公民每月提供免费资金。Its a test of an economic strategy known as Basic Income, which at its core is essentially free money for every person once they reach a certain age, without any prerequisites.这是对一种被称为“基本收入”的经济策略的测验,从本质上来讲,该经济策略的核心是在每个人达到特定的年龄后,在没有任何先决条件的情况下提供免费资金。The idea behind Basic Income is that by giving every individual a certain amount of money with which to keep themselves out of poverty, they are better off regardless of all other factors.“基本收入”背后的理念是通过给予每个人一定数量的金钱,使他们自己摆脱贫困,在不管所有其他因素的条件下经济情况变得良奀?If a person has a well-paying job, they still get Basic Income, just like everyone else, thereby creating a society in which every adult is above poverty and also continually contributing to the economy by spending money.如果一个有高薪工作的人仍然拿“基本收入”,就能创造一个每个成年人都脱离贫困并且通过花钱为经济持续做出贡献的社会。That sounds like a utopia, right? But there are other factors that create a lot of uncertainty, like whether or not free money will impact a societys motivation to actually work.这听起来有点乌托邦,是不是?但是还有其他因素造成了很多不确定性,例如免费资金是否会影响社会实际工作的动机。In the case of Finlands experiment, individuals will be given a monthly payment of around 0, which is enough to prevent those individuals from becoming homeless, but obviously not enough to go clubbing on the weekends or live frivolously.就芬兰实验这个案例来说,每个人每月将获得大约590美金的报酬,这足以保障这些个体远离无家可归,但不足以让他们周末能去俱乐部或者活得潇洒。This is far from the first test of Basic Income, and in recent years many programs have sought to put the theory to the test, even in the ed States.这和首次“基本收入”测试相距甚远,近年来,很多项目一直企图将该理论付诸于时间,即便是在美囀?Y Combinator launched a small pilot program to test Basic Income in Oakland, offering 100 residents up to ,000 per month just for existing.Y Combinator推出了一个小型试点计划以测试奥克兰的“基本收入”,他们每月00位居民提000美元生存。The program was small in scale and timeline, and many questioned whether or not it could possibly prove the theory one way or the other.该项目范围小时间短,很多人都质疑它能否以一种方式或其他方式明该理论。At its heart, thats the problem with all test of Basic Income; When individuals know that its only a test and that the benefits arent permanent, they arent likely to change their behavior.在其核心处,所有的“基本收入”测试都有一个问题:当人们知道这只是一个测验,这些福利不是长久之计时,他们不可能改变自己的行为。If the test subjects in Finland find jobs and thrive, that doesnt necessarily prove that they wouldnt prefer to remain jobless if their Basic Income was promised for life.如果芬兰的测试主体找到工作并且发达起来了,那并不一定会明,如果他们的“基本收入”被承诺终生时,他们不会更乐意失业。Whatever the case, itll be interesting to see how the large-scale test pans out over the next 24 months.无论如何,看看大规模测试如何在接下来4个月内终结将是很有趣的。来 /201701/489048The ed States and three key European allies -- Britain, France, and Germany -- say they want to eliminate any confusion about what investment and business deals with Iran are permitted after the nuclear deal.美国及其3个主要欧洲盟国英囀?法国和德国表示,他们希望澄清,按照伊朗核协议,在伊朗的哪些投资和经贸往来是被允许的。The U.S. and European Union lifted most sanctions on Iran in January after Teheran agreed to curb its nuclear program.德黑兰同意对其核项目加以限制后,美国和欧盟于今年1月取消了对伊朗的大部分制裁。But some sanctions remain, including those related to human rights and terrorism issues.但一些制裁措施依然有效,包括与人权和恐怖主义有关的制裁措施。Some businesses are still confused over what is and is not permitted and are withholding investment and trade with Iran.一些企业仍不清楚制裁措施的限制范围,因此没有在伊朗投资,也未同伊朗做生意。The State Department says it is y to provide guidance and speedy clarification.美国国务院说,准备提供相应的指导和及时的说明。But President Barack Obama said last month that Iran still has to do more to prove to global firms that it is a safe place in which to do business.但奥巴马总统上个月指出,伊朗必须采取更多行动,向外国企业明在伊朗做生意是安全的。来 /201605/444902

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