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来源:美丽门户    发布时间:2019年06月18日 05:38:36    编辑:admin         

西方人将酒大致分成三类:1. liquor 烈酒,包括brandy 白兰地、whiskey 威士忌、vodka 伏特加、tequila 龙舌兰等;2. beer 啤酒;3. wine 葡萄酒和水果酒。除此之外,还有cocktail 鸡尾酒、mixed drink 调酒、liqueur利口酒(具甜味而芳香的烈酒)。好朋友一起喝酒,往往未动筷吃菜就先干三杯,"Cheers"之声不绝于耳,而且必须Bottoms up(干杯,杯底不要养金鱼)。“干杯”还有其他的英文说法,Let's make a toast.是其中一个。据说,从前人们在喝酒的时候,为了加重酒味,会在杯子里放一小片土司,而这就是这句话的由来。英文中喝酒喝很多的人是heavy drinkers(酒鬼,就像把瘾君子叫做heavy smokers一样),而形容一个人喝很多酒、很会喝酒则是drink like a fish,即牛饮、海量。喜欢喝酒的人不仅自己喝,也喜欢劝别人喝。劝酒就是强迫别人喝酒,英文叫做force others to drink。但是,如果是跟外国人一起喝酒的场合,这一点必须小心为好。Drinking Alcohol the Wrong Way 饮酒礼仪Where It's Offensive: Latin America, France, South Korea, Russia. 禁忌地:拉丁美洲、法国、韩国、俄罗斯What's Offensive: Every culture has different traditions when it comes to drinking etiquette. Fail to consume a vodka shot in one gulp in Russia, and your host will not be impressed. Refill your own wine glass in France without offering more to the rest of the table, and you've made a faux pas. In South Korea, women can pour only men's drinks--not other women's--and if you want a refill, you need to drain your glass. And if you're in Latin America, never pour with your left hand--that's bad luck.不同文化的饮酒礼仪也迥异。在俄罗斯,你若不能一口喝完杯中的伏特加酒,主人就会很不满意。而在法国,只给自己添酒而不顾及同桌的其他客人,会被看作失礼。在韩国,女性只能给男性倒酒——不能为其他女性倒酒——如果你想添酒,要先把杯里的酒喝干。在拉丁美洲,千万不要用左手倒酒——那会带来坏运气。What You Should Do Instead: Until you're culturally fluent, leave it to your pals to pour.对策:除非你对当地文化了如指掌,倒酒这种活儿还是留给你的同伴吧! /200907/78110。

1. Wash your hair at least every other day. 至少要每隔一天洗一次头发。A girl loves a boy who smells nice, and cares about his image. Besides, greasy hair is not a good look on anybody, even if they look like Brad Pitt. By taking care of your hair, you at least show that you're interested in your appearance and care enough about yourself to take good care of yourself.女孩喜欢身上气味不错的男孩子,而且挺在乎他的形象。况且,油头在任何人身上都不好看,即使他们长得像布拉德皮特。护理好你的头发至少表明你在乎你的外形,而且花了不少心思照顾好自己。2. Make sure you have good hygiene. 一定要做好个人卫生。· Brush twice a day 一天刷两次牙· If your face is clean shaven, shave regularly. Stubble, when it's not intentionally there, promotes a look of unkempt.如果你的脸是刮得比较干净的,那么要定期刮。不是刻意蓄的短胡渣会给人带来一种不整洁的印象。· Wash your face every day. This helps to clear up whiteheads/blackheads, as well.每天洗脸。这会帮你去除脸上的“白头”或者“黑头”。3. Be confident in yourself. 充满自信。Girls love guys who are confident, and confidence is also the key to getting ahead in the business world. Unless you believe in yourself, you can't sell yourself, so less people will believe in you. Remember, though, that there is a line between confidence and arrogance. Arrogance is not sexy.女孩喜欢自信的男人,而且自信也是商场中拼搏的关键。除非做到相信自己,不然你就不能推销自己,那样相信你的人会更少。但是请记住,自信和自负是有界限的。自负并不性感。 /201105/138412。

Human Rights 美国人对人权的看法 The time is 1905. A steamship sails on a vast ocean. "Daddy, will we ever get to America?" asks a weary lad. "Soon, my child, soon," his father replies. "We've been on this ship for weeks. I wish we were back home in Russia," complained the boy. "Son, you know how they persecute Jews there. We can never go back," the father reminded him. "Will things be better in America?" the young boy asked. "I hope so," his father sighed. "Look! The Statue of Liberty!" the boy shouted. "Just like in the picture!" His father smiled. "Yes, my son," he said. "I think she's waving to us." 时间是在一九○五年,一艘汽船航行在浩瀚的大海上。「爹地,我们到底到不到得了美国啊?」一个小男孩疲惫地问道。「快到了,我的孩子,快到了。」他的父亲回答。「我们已经坐了好几个礼拜的船了,我真希望我们现在是在苏俄的家里。」男孩抱怨着。「孩子,在那儿他们怎么迫害犹太人,你是知道的,我们绝对不能回去。」这位父亲提醒着他。「在美国情况会比较好吗?」小男孩问道。「希望如此。」他的父亲叹气道。「你看!自由女神!」男孩喊着:「跟图片里的一模一样!」他的父亲微笑着说:「是啊,孩子。我想她正向我们招手呢。」 America has long been a haven for immigrants from around the world. Until the 19th century, the majority of immigrants were from northern Europe. By the mid-20th century, they were coming from all over the globe. In recent years, scores of refugees from Southeast Asia and Latin America have fled to American shores. Why? To find a sanctuary--a place where human rights are respected. 美国长久以来一直是世界各地移民们的避难所, 在十九世纪之前, 移民主要来自北欧. 到了二十世纪中期, 移民则来自全球各地. 近几年来, 很多来自东南亚和拉丁美洲的难民都逃往美国. 这是为什么呢? 为了要寻找一个避难所 -- 尊重人权的地方. The American idea of respecting human rights came from several sources. First, the colonists had been persecuted and deprived of their rights in the Old World. They realized that people's rights must be preserved. Moreover, the Bible and literature from Greece and Rome taught that people are born with basic rights. English writer John Locke emphasized that governments should protect these rights. As a result, the Declaration of Independence reflected the belief that God created all people equal. The U.S. Constitution included 10 amendments to guarantee citizens' basic rights. This "Bill of Rights" promised freedom of religion, freedom of speech and of the press, the right to bear arms and the right to a fair trial. 美国人尊重人权的概念有几个起源。首先,移民们在欧洲的旧世界中曾被迫害并被剥夺权利,因此他们深觉保护人权的必要。再者,圣经以及希腊罗马文学中都教导他们人类与生俱来的一些基本权利。英国作家约翰?洛克强调政府应保障人民这些权利。于是,独立宣言中便反映出神造世人、生而平等的意念。美国宪法中包含了十项保障国民基本人权的修正案,这些权利法案承诺给予人民信仰的自由、言论及新闻的自由、拥有武器的权利,以及拥有公平审判的权利。 Throughout American history, the belief in individual human rights has influenced government policies and laws. Slavery opponents argued that even slaves had rights as human beings. Finally, after the Civil War, slavery was outlawed. As industries developed, many people protested the poor working conditions. 纵观美国历史,尊重个人人权的信念一直影响着政府的政策和法律。反黑奴政策者认为甚至连奴隶都该拥有作为人的基本权利。终于在美国南北战争之后,法律便禁止奴隶制度的存在。随着工业的发展,很多人抗议不良的工作条件。 Eventually, laws were passed guaranteeing workers fair wages and working hours and prohibiting child labor. The Civil Rights Movement used human rights arguments in the fight against discrimination. Even today, U.S. trade relations with other countries depend on their having a positive human rights record. 最后,终于通过法案保障工人合理的工资、工时、并且禁用童工。在美国民权运动中,也以人权的基本论点来抗议各样的歧视和差别待遇。甚至在今天,美国与其它国家的贸易关系如何,也视对方是否拥有良好的人权记录而定。 Human rights have become a global concern. The cruelty of Nazi Germany illustrated the danger of not protecting human rights. As a result, the ed Nations was established in 1945 with a belief in the basic human rights of all people. Three years later, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This document stated that "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights." Later, groups like Amnesty International were formed to keep an eye out for human rights abuses wherever they occur. 人权已成为全球各国关注的焦点,德国纳粹党的残酷史实即说明了罔顾人权的危险。于是,联合国在一九四五年设立,该组织深信所有人类都应拥有基本人权。三年之后,联合国正式通过世界人权宣言。这一份文件提出「所有人类生而拥有尊严及权利的平等和自由」。稍后,国际特赦组织成立,以监督防止任何违反人权的事件发生。 Most nations in the world today would agree that human beings have basic rights. Of course, different countries have different perspectives about the issue. Some governments feel the need to restrict individual rights to protect the rights of society. They resent being forced to accept America's definition of human rights. But to Americans, no matter how you define the issue, people deserve to be treated like people. 今天,世界上大部分的国家都认同人类应拥有基本的权利。当然,不同的国家会用不同的角度来看这件事。有些政府觉得有必要以限制个人权利来保障社会权利;他们痛恨被迫接受美国的人权定义。然而对美国人而言,无论你如何定义这个主题,只要是人就应该以人的方式对待他。 /200804/33377。

史努比(Snoopy)是漫画家查尔斯·舒兹从1950年代起连载的漫画作品《花生漫画》中,主人翁查理布朗养的一只黑白花的小猎兔犬。其相关漫画故事已被整理成《史努比的故事》,已有多家出版社出版发行。 Eyes are deceptive and legs fail, but it's the stomach that gets you in trouble!眼睛会欺骗人,双腿会累死人,但胃却专给人找麻烦! /201109/153507。

1. Halle Berry   Signature Style: The Frankie amp; Alice star favors sexy, body-conscious dresses that enhance her amazing curves.   Halle Berry (哈利·贝瑞)   签名造型:影片Frankie amp; Alice《弗兰基与爱丽丝》的女主角贝瑞对性感,凸显迷人身段的礼情有独钟。这类礼能展现出她惊艳的身材。  Us Red Carpet Predictor   美国红毯预测   Safe Bet: Elie Saab is one of the A-lister's go-to designers and this white dress looks like it was made just for her.   安全预测:Elie Saab(艾莉·萨)不愧是一流的主力设计师之一。他设计的这款白色礼像是为贝瑞量身定做的一样。   Wild Card: Berry has the confidence (and the body!) to wear this va-va-voom turquoise Versace number.   未知预测:Berry (贝瑞)有足够的自信(和完美的身材)来展示这款蓝绿色的Versace(范思哲)va-va-voom礼。 /201101/123639。

1.Seek beauty around you. Seeking beauty on rainy day.Seek beauty around you. How do you define beauty? As you go through your day, try to make note of things and people that strike you as beautiful: art, the sky, someone's freckles. If you can, write them down. Try to understand what makes them beautiful to you. They may not be beautiful to others, but that's why beauty is in the eye of the beholder.善于发现生活的美 /200912/92135。

Think back to your college years. Did you spend more time at the lab bench than at the bar? Was getting a date harder than organic chem? If you carried protection was it for your pocket? We thought so.A study published in the current issue of the journal Sexual Health found that science students were more likely to be virgins than their artsy classmates.Researchers in Australia surveyed 185 men and women, ages 16 to 25, at the University of Sydney on their sexual history and STD knowledge. Responses to questionnaires revealed that “art students were younger [and] more likely to be sexually active” than science students (who, presumably were too busy doing homework to get out and get busy).And on average across groups, males were less likely to have had sex than females.As for the reasons behind the disparity between art chicks and science geeks, lead author Bernadette Zakher, of the university’s Department of General Practice, reserved comment, saying that the survey did not delve deeply into demographics or sexual history, “There isn’t enough information for conjecture.”Nature podcast editor Adam Rutherford has a few ideas. “I just hate it when stereotypes are right,” he posted on the UK’s Guardian website. “The research does not go into the potential causes of this lack of bedroom activity by my boffin brethren, nor does it detail the worthy sacrifice of cheap carnal thrills for rational agility and mental development, which I have convinced myself lies at the root of this problem. That, and the personal hygiene issues.”He blames a dearth of sexy role models for today’s blossoming men of science, citing, for instance, Charles Darwin’s marriage to his cousin and positing that Sir Isaac Newton “almost certainly died a virgin.”The main purpose of Zakher’s research was to look at young people’s attitudes toward chlamydia screening. “The important findings,” she says, “are that young people are not aware or concerned about chlamydia infection despite their risk for acquiring it.” As if talking to girls wasn't aly scary enough. /200901/60650。

Once upon a time, there was an island where all the feelings lived: Happiness, Sadness, Knowledge, and all of the others, including Love. One day it was announced to the feelings that the island would sink, so all constructed boats and left. Except for Love.Love was the only one who stayed. Love wanted to hold out until the last possible moment.When the island had almost sunk, Love decided to ask for help.Richness was passing by Love in a grand boat. Love said,"Richness, can you take me with you?"Richness answered, "No, I can't. There is a lot of gold and silver in my boat. There is no place here for you."Love decided to ask Vanity who was also passing by in a beautiful vessel. "Vanity, please help me!""I can't help you, Love. You are all wet and might damage my boat," Vanity answered.Sadness was close by so Love asked, "Sadness, let me go with you.""Oh . . . Love, I am so sad that I need to be by myself!"Happiness passed by Love, too, but she was so happy that she did not even hear when Love called her.Suddenly, there was a voice, "Come, Love, I will take you." It was an elder. So blessed and overjoyed, Love even forgot to ask the elder where they were going. When they arrived at dry land, the elder went her own way. Realizing how much was owed the elder, Love asked Knowledge, another elder, "Who Helped me?""It was Time," Knowledge answered."Time?" asked Love. "But why did Time help me?"Knowledge smiled with deep wisdom and answered, "Because only Time is capable of understanding how valuable Love is." /200902/62379。

I just remember that my dreams when I was younger appear to be more vivid than what they are now. Upon reaching adulthood, my dreams started to wane and at best I could not recall any dream upon waking up.According to experts, in a typical lifespan, humans spend a total of six years dreaming. There is yet no consensus or established explanation why we dream. That is why, there are theories that try to explain this phenomenon.I gathered some of these theories and came up with eight explanations why we dream:Adler's Theory. Dreams were a way of addressing our insecurities. In a dream we can safely face things that would otherwise scare us. We can try out strategies for overcoming our shortcomings or simply compensate for them via wish-fulfillment.Freud's Theory. Freud believes that we dream mainly because we want to fulfill our wishes. In other words, we dream mainly to fulfill our desires.Jung's Theory. He suggested that dreams may compensate for one-sided attitudes held in waking consciousness.Hartmann's Theory. Dreams, he said, function like psychotherapy. What someone cannot do during waking life, he tries to fulfill in his dreams.Griffen's Theory. Dreams provide a venue to satisfy an emotional expectation. This lowers stress on the dreamer.Hobson and McCarley's Theory. Dreams were simply the result of random electrical brain impulses that pulled imagery from traces of experience. Our brain tries to make sense of what these imageries mean and our mind creates stories out of it.Hall's Theory. He argued that a dream was simply a thought or sequence of thoughts. Dream images are the dreamer's own personal construct.Cayce Theory. More inclined on the spiritual explanations, he claimed that through dreaming, people are given access to their spirit. Well, these dream theories appear to point out that dreaming is a personal thing. Each one has a unique dream not dreamt by anybody else. And I would suggest that the best explanation to our dreams should come from ourselves.Besides, we cannot dwell on our dreams. We have to face our everyday realities. If you dream good, enjoy it. If not, wake up! 我只是记得我年轻时候做的梦比我现在做的梦记得清楚得多。成年以后,我的梦开始减少了而且我醒来后记不起任何东西。根据专家所言,典型的一个人的一生要花一共六小时来做梦。关于为什么我们会做梦至今还没有达成共识或者既定的解释。这就是为什么,有如此多的理论试着来解释这一现象。我摘录了这些理论中的一部分列举了我们为什么做梦的八个解释。1. 阿德勒的理论。梦是一种消除我们的不安全感的方式。在梦中我们能够安然地面对在现实生活中会令我们害怕的事情。我们能够通过如愿以偿的方式尝试种种策略来战胜我们的弱点或者只是简单地对它们进行补偿。2. 弗洛伊德的理论。弗洛伊德认为我们做梦主要是因为我们想要实现我们的愿望。换句话 说,我们做梦主要是为了满足自己的欲望。3. 荣格的理论。他的观点是梦是对清醒意识的片面态度的一种补偿。4. 哈特曼的理论。他说,梦的功能类似于心理疗法。在现实生活中不能做的事情,他会在梦境中试着实现。5. 格里芬的理论。梦提供了一个满足情感期待的地方。这给做梦的人缓解了压力。6. 霍布森和麦卡利的理论。梦仅仅是随机发放的大脑电信号把过往的经历变成意象。我们的大脑试着弄清楚这些意象的含义和我们创造的故事。7. 霍尔的理论。他认为梦仅仅是一种想法或一系列的想法。梦的意象是做梦者自己的创造。8. 凯西的理论。他认为更多的倾向于精神上的解释,他声称通过做梦,人们得到通向他们心灵的途径。这些梦的理论指出梦是一件个人的事。每个人都有其它人没有的自己独一无二的梦。我认为关于我们的梦最好的解释来自我们自己。此外,我们不能停留在我们的梦境中。我们不得不面对生活现实,如果你做了个美梦,好好享受,如果你做了个噩梦,那么赶紧醒来吧! /200804/35922。