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2019年08月26日 03:06:23来源:康社区

Today in History: Wednesday, April 03, 2013历史上的今天:2013年4月3日,星期三On April 3, 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed the Marshall Plan, which allocated more than billion in aid to help 16 European countries recover from World War II.1948年4月3日,杜鲁门总统签署马歇尔计划,拨出50多亿美元以援助16个欧洲国家从二战中恢复出来。1783Author Washington Irving was born in New York City.1783年,作家华盛顿·欧文出生在纽约市。1860The Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif.1860年,密苏里州圣约瑟夫和加州萨克拉门托间开通驿马快信务。1865Union forces occupied the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.1865年,联盟部队占领了弗吉尼亚里士满邦联首府。1882Outlaw Jesse James was shot to death in St. Joseph, Mo., by Robert Ford, a member of his gang.1882年,缔杰西·詹姆斯在密苏里州圣约瑟夫被他的团伙成员射杀身亡。1924Actor Marlon Brando was born in Omaha, Neb.1924年,演员马龙·白兰度在内布拉斯加州奥马哈出生。1936Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted in Trenton, N.J., for the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh baby.1936年,特伦顿·豪普特因绑架并谋杀林德伯格的婴儿在新泽西特伦顿被处电刑。1968Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his ;mountaintop; speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers in Memphis, Tenn., less than 24 hours before he was assassinated.1968年,在美国田纳西州孟菲斯,民权运动领袖马丁·路德·金向罢工的环卫工人集会发表了名为“山顶”的演讲。不到24小时后,他被暗杀了。1996Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski was arrested.1996年,杀手西奥多·卡钦斯基被捕。1998The Dow Jones industrial average climbed above 9,000 for the first time.1998年,道琼斯工业平均指数首次上涨至9000点以上。2000A federal judge ruled that Microsoft Corp. had violated U.S. antitrust laws.2000年,联邦法官裁定微软违反美国反托拉斯法。2004Surrounded by police, five suspects in the Madrid railway bombings blew themselves up in a building outside the Spanish capital, also killing a special forces agent.2004年,西班牙首都一建筑外,马德里铁路爆炸案的五名嫌疑人遭到警察包围后将自己引爆,还导致一名特种部队人员遇难。2006Former Liberian President Charles Taylor pleaded not guilty before an international war crimes tribunal in Sierra Leone.2006年,在塞拉利昂召开国际战争罪犯法庭开庭前,利比里亚前总统查尔斯·泰勒不认罪。2009Iowa#39;s Supreme Court legalized gay marriage.2009年,爱荷华州最高法院将同性恋婚姻合法化。本节目属 /201304/233364。

  • If such destruction was being wrought on our environment若我们继续盲目地增加食品生产by unchecked attempts to increase food production,那么在环境继续受到破坏的同时the impact on our bodies was equally as damaging.我们的健康也会遭受同等待遇Understanding the consequences of this shift to an abundant,当人们转吃大量精加工食品highly processed food on obesity and related diseases又导致了肥胖和其他相关疾病was a problem that was to occupy scientists for decades to come.科学家们还得花上几十年去解决这个问题It only took a generation of eating processed food仅仅由于一代人开始频繁食用加工食品before people everywhere began putting on weight.就导致各地的人们体重普遍增加In 1967, a detailed investigation on 5001967年 有人做了一个详细的调查patients from two general practices结果显示参与调查的500名各种病患中showed that half the population was more than 15% overweight.半数人超重15%That represents over a stone of unwanted fat.那代表一英石多的过剩脂肪It#39;s no shock to us today that too many sweet things are bad.如今我们都明白过多甜食有害健康But back in 1968,但在遥远的1968年they were only just latching on to the problems in store.这个问题还未萌芽The problem of overweight has超重问题partly arisen because of changing eating habits.部分是由于饮食习惯的改变而引起的In a growingly affluent society,在一个物质日渐富足的社会there#39;s more food generally available.可供选择的食物越来越多Sales of biscuits and confectionery has doubled in ten years.饼干与糖果的销售量在过去十年翻了一番All these new foods contain sugar,所有这些新生含糖食品which although nutritionally valueless, improves the flavour尽管没有营养of almost any processed food - even soups,却极大地改善了多数加工食品的口味beef cubes and tinned vegetables.比如靓汤 牛肉干 蔬菜罐头等As a result, sugar consumption has于是糖类消耗在百年内增长五倍risen fivefold in a century and doubled in ten years.在近十年内更是翻了一番On average, we eat two hundredweight of sugar a year each.我们每年平均食用2英担糖 Article/201306/243554。
  • While the family enjoy their honey at a safe distance,隔着安全距离 这对母子开心享用蜂蜜the bees appear to have been defeated.蜜蜂似乎吃了败仗Their home has been destroyed它们的家园被毁and their young will inevitably die out in the open.幼蜂免不了会死在外头Yet the colony is not doomed但蜂群的气数未尽because the workers are now rescuing at least some of what really matters...因为工蜂正在拼命 至少救出一些重要物资..their honey.它们的蜂蜜Each survivor is able to eat its own weight in honey,每个幸存者都能吞下 和自己体重相当的蜂蜜storing it in its stomach.贮存在肚子里They will have to abandon their dying young,它们将被迫抛弃奄奄一息的幼蜂but they will take much of their precious honey with them但它们会带着不少宝贵的蜂蜜to sustain themselves while they build a new colony.在建立新蜂群时赖以维生Working together in such an organised society在这样组织严明的社会通力合作is the insects#39; great innovation.是昆虫的伟大创举So how did it begin?那这是怎么开始的呢 Article/201309/255208。
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